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Using a visual analogue scale for assessing the severity of pain syndrome after cesarean section, depending on the method of anesthesia


DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18821/0201-7563-2016-61-5-372-376

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Abstract

The aim. To compare efficiency of various techniques of anesthesia after Cesarean section on degree ofpain expression in randomized clinical trial. Materials and methods. 120 puerperas aged from 21 till 33 years who were undergone to Caesarean section were studied. Patients were divided into four equal groups by number of observations. In groups 1st and 2nd patients were performed local anesthesia with continuous and bolus anesthetic. In group 3rd were performed bilateral blockade of the cross-space belly. In the 4th groups was used multimodal analgesia system. Each patient during the postoperative period was estimated the severity of pain on a visual analog scale at rest and movement at 3, 6, 12, 24 and 48 hours. Results. Intensity ofpain after surgery in patients of all groups decreased and reached lows of 48 hours after a Cesarean section. At the same time the 2nd group ofpatients (6,1 ± 1,4) had pain significantly less than that ofpuerperas from the 3rd and the 4th groups (13,2 ± 2,4 and 18,0 ± 2,7). Meanwhile, indices of female patients pain severity from the 1st and 2nd groups of the study were not statistically different. When studying distribution ofpatients on degree ofpostoperative pain it is established that at puerperas of the 1st and 2nd group pains prevailed weak (47% and 67%) and moderately expressed (50% and 33%). In the 3rd group expression of a pain syndrome in all cases was moderate. In the fourth group the pain syndrome was considerably more expressed (the moderated - 53%; the strong - 47%). Conclusion. Pain syndrome after Cesarean section using the localanalgesia with continuous or bolus is reduced by 2835%, which was significantly more than the blockade of the cross-space stomach and systemic analgesia.


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For citation: Nedashkovsky E.V., Sedykh S.V., Zakurdaev E.I. Using a visual analogue scale for assessing the severity of pain syndrome after cesarean section, depending on the method of anesthesia. Anesteziologiya i reanimatologiya (Russian journal of Anаеsthesiology and Reanimatology) 2016; 61(5): 372-376. (In Russ.). DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18821/0201-7563-2016-61-5-372-376

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