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The role of the cardiovascular system pathology in the development of recurrent laryngeal nerve palsy


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The aim of the review was to demonstrate the most frequent cardiovascular diseases that can lead to recurrent laryngeal nerve palsy with persistent or transient hoarseness. The frequency of occurrence of recurrent laryngeal nerve palsy is established and the issues of its pathogenesis in patients with disorders of the cardiovascular system are discussed. Ortner's syndrome (cardiovocal syndrome) most commonly occurs in patients with mitral valve stenosis, aortic aneurysm and mediastinal malignancies. The prospects of restoration of voting in these patients after surgical and conservative treatment are analyzed. Finally the most informative methods of diagnosis and the examination tactics in patients with sudden hoarseness are presented.

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