The journal was founded by professor Yu.F. Isakov, full member of the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences, in 1997. It was the first specialized periodical for pediatric surgeons. Yuri Isakov remained the permanent editor-in-chief of the journal until August 2016. The Edditorial Board included many distinguished scientists, such as members of the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences E.A. Stepanov and V.A. Mikhel’son, professors A.I. Lenyushkin, A.P Erokhin and the others.

At present, the members of the Editorial Board are the leading pediatric surgeons of this country, CIS and non-CIS states.