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HEMORRHOIDS IN THE PEDIATRIC POPULATION: CLINICAL MANIFESTATIONS, DIAGNOSTICS AND TREATMENT


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Abstract

Introduction. Hemorrhoids in childhood is a rare disease. That is why one can find only few works on this problem. Material and methods. 56 children with diagnosed hemorrhoids aged 4-18 were taken into the study. They had various clinical manifestations of the disease: perianal protrusion (76.4%), bleeding (82.3%), pain syndrome (71.5%). 51 patient (91.1%) had external hemorrhoids; 3 children (5.3%) - internal; 2 children (3.6%) - combined. Patients, by their clinical course, were distributed as follows: acute hemorrhoids - 33 children (58.9%), chronic one - 23 (41.1%). Ultrasound examination and sigmoidoscopy were used for diagnostics. Different curative techniques followed the developed curative algorithm: conservative therapy and surgery (open surgery and with the LigaSure apparatus) as well as sclerotherapy. Results. The most effective technique, having better cosmetic and clinical outcomes, was hemorrhoidectomy. Conservative treatment (more than 80%) can be a method of choice at early stages of the disease and at younger age groups. Outcomes after sclerotherapy are comparable with outcomes of conservative and surgical treatment. Sclerotherapy is recommended at the internal stages of hemorrhoids and in case of any contraindications to surgical treatment.


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