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The risk of developing disease in female workers involved in modern sector employment and the health of their children


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There was studied the state of health of females in modern sector employment: office workers (group 1) and managers (group 2), and the health of their newborns. There was established the increase of the risk for the development of extragenital disorders in groups 1 and 2 compared with the control. For adreno-genital syndrome OR = 3,83; (CI: 1,15-12,74) in group 1 and OR = 4,50 (CI: 1,24-16,28) Group 2; for respiratory diseases OR= 2,77-2,98 (CI: 1,82-4,85) in groups 1 and 2; for digestive diseases OR = 2,45 (CI: 1,39-4,32) in group 1 and 2,77 (CI: 1,46-5,26) - in Group 2. The risk of infertility in the history of the group 2 was OR = 2,56 (CI: 1,33-4,92). The frequency of reproductive loss in the history is significantly higher in group 1 (12,9 ± 1.28), is increasing in group 2 (20,19 ± 2,75) with 9,74 ± 2,12 in 100 females in the control. In complications of pregnancy the frequency of the threat of its interruption increases from 16,99 ± 2,31 cases per 100 females in the group 1 to 21,60 ± 2,82 in Group 2, with 11,79 ± 2,31 in the control (p <0.01 ). In newborn of these female workers there was revealed an increase in the frequency of the congenital defects of development (CDD) of the circulatory system in group 1 by 1.5 times in the group 2 - 2.5 times if compared to the control (16,38 ± 1,41 and 24,88 ± 2,96, with 9 74 ± 2,12 cases per 100 infants (p <0.01; p <0.001), respectively, the frequency of congenital malformations of the urinary system in groups 1 and 2 (10,00 ± 1,14 and 10,80 ± 2,13), was significantly higher than in control - 3,08 ± 1,24 per 100 births (p <0.01); CDD of genitalia was significantly higher in group 1 (11,01 ± 1,19) with 5,13 ± 1,58 per 100 infants in the control (p <0.01).Thus, disorders of reproductive health in females involved in modern sector employment depend on the degree of occupational hazard factors; can lead to congenital disease in their newborn, which requires the development of preventive measures.


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