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Hygiene of children and teenagers in the formation of health of the nation


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Abstract

Hygiene of children and adolescents makes a significant contribution to the challenges of protecting and strengthening the health of the younger generation. The aim of the study is to prove the content and priorities of theoretical and applied researches of hygiene of children and adolescents in modern conditions. The objectives are to present the main trends of the change in health of children and adolescents; to analyze the medical scientific platform "Preventive environment"; to establish the leading riskfactors of chronic noncommunicable and school-related diseases in children and adolescents in modern conditions; to identify priorities for actions in the hygiene of children adolescents. The work is an analytical study, which analyzed the data on the health state of the younger generation, the content of the scientific platform of medical science "Preventive environment", the state of hygienic science and practice. Over the past 20 years there was an increased prevalence of morphological andfunctional abnormalities and chronic diseases among schoolchildren. The structure of the pathology of adolescents to some extent corresponds to the pathology determining high mortality rates of the adult population of the country and the conception of the Russian Ministry of Health about the formation of a single preventive environment directed to the prevention of this pathology. The main components of a single prophylactic environment are formation a healthy lifestyle and large-scale preventive measures, total contribution of which to the integral index of health is not less than 50%. The purpose of the scientific platform of medical science "Preventive environment" is a scientific substantiation and development of modern and efficient system offormation ofpreventive space and maintenance of sanitary and epidemiological welfare of children and adolescents in the process of life. Noncompliance of day regimen, lack of time for outdoor walking and night sleep, irrational organization of home activities, leisure play a negative role in the formation of adolescents ’ health during intensive lessons. Hygiene of children and adolescents, as a branch of preventive medicine passed from the factor assessment and regulation of conditions and modes of training and education, children's items came to the system evaluation and regulation of life of children in all its diversity, using all the latest achievements of civilization and advanced technologies of the prevention of the most common diseases among children and adolescents, health protection and promotion of the younger generation.


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