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The features of prevalence of skin disease as an index of ecologically related morbidity of population in bioclimatic zones of Primorye Krai


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Abstract

There are presented results of the socio-hygienic analysis of ecologically related skin pathology of the population of Primorsky Krai. The aim of the work is to establish the patterns of distribution of ecologically related skin diseases in various ecological bioclimatic zones of Primorsky Krai. There was performed an analysis of skin diseases ofform 12 according to ICD-10 main demographic groups (children, adolescents and adults) of the population of Primorsky Krai, residing in various bioclimatic zones of Krai with different levels of environmental stringency in rural and urban areas for the period of 2000-2013. There were established causal-effect relationships of the prevalence of skin diseases, as ecologically related pathology. The level of the prevalence of skin diseases among the population in the Primorye region depends on bioclimatic zones, the degree of the stringency of the environmental situation and combinations of environmental factors. The prevalence of skin diseases in adults, adolescents and children, as the organism's response to the impact of the parameters of the environment is affected by the complex offactors, the main of them are hygienic: the sanitary -hygienic level of ambient air pollution, the specification of chemical pollution and adverse physical factors in urban and rural settlements, the characteristics of the state of the soil. The medical-sociological research of the lifestyle of the population was performed on the basis of a specially designed questionnaire. The questionnaire included three arrays of issues: environmental, hygienic and social. On the basis of medical and sociological research with the use of multivariate analysis, method of correlationpleiades advanced by P. V. Terentiev, lifestyle and psycho-emotionalfactors, socio-hygienic, bioclimatic factors were found to play an important role in the prevalence of ecologically related pathology of skin in residents of Primorsky Krai. Differences in responses between urban and rural residents living in areas with various environmental stringency, confirm the preposition about the ambiguity of the approach to the solution of social, hygienic and environmental problems in areas with different socio-economic situation. The obtained results of the study allow us to determine the main directions of treatment and prevention and to develop targeted prevention programs.


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