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Hygienic substantiation of nutritional prevention of hypovitaminosis B9 and B12 in the population of the Omsk region


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Abstract

The aim of the study - the assessment of the prevalence of hypovitaminoses B (folic acid) and B in the population of the city of Omsk and the determination of the possibility of their nutritional prevention. The subject of study - the adult population (18-59 years). The actual nutrition was studied by method of analysis of the frequency of food consumption. Prevalence of hypovitaminoses B and B was estimated upon the results of laboratory tests of blood by immunochemiluminiscent methods. Established prevalence of hypovitaminoses B (folic acid) and B in the population of the city of Omsk accounted for 63,2 ± 5,8% and 13,2 ± 4,1%, respectively. There was shown the possibility of correction of supply with vitamins by means of regular taking offermented dairy product "Prolacta". The serum content of vitamin B12 after a 2-month course of daily use of the product was increased by 17.8%, and the serum folate content - by 29.1%. The proportion of cases with insufficient content of vitamin B9 in the experimental group decreased from 80,0 ± 6,8% to 38,7 ± 8,7%.


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