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The method of multicomponent determination of herbicides of various chemical classes in water


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Abstract

In the work there are considered results of the development of the multicomponent method of measurement of concentration of herbicides of various chemical nature under their joint presence in the water. There was justified the optimality of application of HPLC-DAD (the working wavelength of 240 nm) for the determination of levels of 10 active ingredients of herbicides of class of sulfonylurea (metsulfuron-methyl, nikosulfuron, sulfometuron-methyl, thifensulfuron-methyl, triflusulfuron-methyl), imidazolinone (imazapyr, imazethapyr), 2,6-Bis[(4,6-dimethoxy-2- pyrimidinyl)oxy]benzoic acid (bispyribac acid), triazol-pyrimidines (Penoxsulam), a benzoylpyrazole compound (Topramenzone). For the concentrating and cleaning of samples of water there were used cartridges for solid-phase extraction of Oasis HLB - the macro porous copolymer made on the basis of the balanced ratio of 2 monomers - lipophilic divinylbenzene and hydrophilic N-vinylpirrolidone. The range of the detected concentrations in water was volatile between 0.0005 and 0.005 mg/L, values of standard deviation vary in the range of 1.8-3.9%. Chlorine-containing acidic herbicides were analyzed by the method of GC-ECD and GC-MS (IE) after preliminary converting of compounds into flying derivatives with the use of diazomethane. Satisfactory extraction of substances from a water sample may be achieved by classical extraction in the system “liquid-liquid” with the application of Methyl tert-butyl ester. For cleaning of the derivatized sample there were used cartridges for solid-phase extraction on the basis of silica gel. The range of the determination of 9 active ingredients referring to classes of phenoxy-acetic acid (2,4- D, MCPA), pyridinecarboxylic (aminopyiralid, picloram, clopyralid), benzoic acids (dicamba), benzothiadiazinone (bentazone), biphenyl ester (acifluorfen) and a chloroacetamide (acetochlor) - 0.0001-0.001 mg/L, SD values vary in the range of 1.8-33%.


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