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Determination of polioksin B in the air environment and in washouts from skin of operators by HPLC


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Abstract

Polyoxin B being an effective inhibitor of synthesis of chitin of the cell wall of many phytopathogenic fungi, is recommended as a fungicide for control of phytopathogenic organisms that cause damage to crop. For the determination of the exposure of employees working with pesticides there was developed the method of the measurement of concentrations of polyoxin B in air of working area, atmospheric air of populated areas and washouts from the operators ’ integuments, based on high performance liquid chromatography with ultraviolet detector (detection wavelength of270 nm), including sampling air environment in the sorption tube ORBO-44, filled with sorbent XAD-2, extraction of the sorbent with polyoxin by a mixture of carbinol-water (in a ratio of 95:5,on volume), washout from the surface of the skin with ethyl alcohol by way of washing, concentrating, quantitative chromatographic analysis. Lower limits of the quantification ofpolyoxin B in the air ofworking area - 0.2 mg/m at the aspiration of 2 dm of air, atmospheric air - 0.016 mg/m at the aspiration of 25 dm of air, in washouts from the operators’ integuments - 0.4 pg/wash, the linear range of the defined concentrations accounted for of 0.2 - 2.4 pg/cm, the total error of measurement of the concentrations of polyoxin B in air is 17%; in washouts from the operators’ integuments - 16%. The developed method was approbated for the determination of polyoxin in samples of air of working zone, atmospheric air within the sanitary gap, washouts from the operators ’ integuments and air drift samples taken under processing of roses in the hothouse and in the monitoring of the phytosanitary condition of the plants every other day after treatment.


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