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Methodical complex for the assessment of mass noninfectious prevalence rate and the medico-ecological situation in the territory


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Abstract

The purpose of this article - the narration of main provisions of the algorithm of the system use of techniques and methods for the determination of the epidemiological risk for the morbidity of the population for the identification and assessment of mass noninfectious diseases, local variants ofpopulation health and the degree of stringency of medical and environmental conditions (or ecological trouble), in areas of industrial and non-administrative units of the area (region). Control-flow chartfor the evaluation of mass non-communicable diseases and medical-ecological situation in the territory on the basis of techniques and methods of risk assessment for decision-making control includes the following steps: 1) determination of the conditional regional level of the background prevalence rate as the unit of regional type of population health, shaped by regional climatic and geographic and other features of the environmental conditions; 2) detection of the epidemiological relative risk of the morbidity rate and mass non-infectious diseases; 3) determination of the wave-like character of the dynamics of the riskfor mass non-infectious morbidity rate of the population and the adaptation process shaping it in the territories; 4) separating the leading mass non-communicable diseases, especially shaping peculiarities of local variants of population health in the special industrial and non-industrial areas; 5) determination of the degree of stringency of medical and environmental situation (or ecological trouble) in the studied area, with local variants ofpopulation health; 6) a forecast of the expected trends in the dynamics of the risk for mass non-infectious prevalence rate; 7) justification of the main directions of the development of medical and environmental preventive measures on the reduction of mass non-infectious diseases and the improvement of the quality of health of the population in the studied areas. The given methodical complex will allow to more effectively solve problems ofprevention of mass non-infectious prevalence of the population and improve health and environmental conditions in the study area based on public health monitoring data.


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