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HYGIENIC EVALUATION OF THE EFFECT OF ELECTROMAGNETIC FACTORS OF COMMUNICATION DEVICES ON THE STATE OF STUDENT’S HEALTH


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Abstract

During the study at the University, the amount of information received by students is significantly increased. This causes the wide use of modern communication devices (personal computers, tablets, mobile phones). A feature of their using is the finding of a person in the immediate vicinity of a source of electromagnetic radiation. In the work, there was made an assessment of the intensity of the use of communication devices by students from 2000 to 2014. The students surveyed had an increase in electromagnetic load from personal computers (PC) by 2.83 times, mobile phones (MР) - by 20.34 times. During the same period, the health state of students was monitored. The level and nature of diseases, the features of nutrition, lifestyle were assessed. The incidence of respiratory diseases, diseases of the nervous system and sensory organs appeared to be the highest. Neoplasms, endocrine pathology, blood and hemopoietic diseases and a number of other diseases are few, heterogeneous and have a beginning most often before admission to the university. For the period of observation, the number of students who never fell ill during the whole period of training decreased by 32.67% against the background of a study of the nature of nutrition, motor activity, the prevalence of bad habits and self-esteem of their health status. During the correlation analysis, reliable positive connections were established between the prevalence rate of eye diseases and the individual dose-bearing electromagnetic load (IDEL) of MP and PC. There was established the negative relationship between MP IDEL and the prevalence rate of ear diseases, positive relationship was found between PC IDEL and prevalence rate of respiratory diseases.


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