INDUSTRIAL ENTERPRISES AND HEALTH RISK CATEGORIES
In order to ensure the sanitary and epidemiological welfare of the population in the Russian Federation, measures are being taken to improve control and supervisory activities through the introduction of a risk-based approach to the organization of control and surveillance activities. At the base of the risk-based supervision, there is a differentiated approach to control and supervisory activities concentrating efforts on enterprises that pose Federal Service for Surveillance on Consumer Rights Protection and Human Wellbeingeptable health risks. The potential danger of the facilities subject to federal state sanitary and epidemiological supervision in the Krasnoyarsk Territory was assessed with regard to the health risk criteria. In the Krasnoyarsk Territory, with taking into account types of economic activity, 40.83% of the industrial enterprises fall under the category of those involving extremely high, high and significant public health risk. 1.6% of the economic entities pose an extremely high health risk in the Krasnoyarsk Territory as a whole and, with bearing in mind their activities, the percentage of such entities is slightly lower (1.48%). In terms of industrial enterprises’ activity, compared to other economic entities, the percentage of the enterprises posing extremely high risk is the highest and amounts to 4.37%. Such a prevailing ratio is typical for high-risk enterprises - 7.05%; 6.7% and 12.65% respectively, with approximately the same ratio of the enterprises posing a significant risk - 23.14%; 22.79% and 23.81% respectively. When assessing the total risk created by the economic entities of the Krasnoyarsk Territory with the consideration of their types of activity, the contribution of the enterprises posing extremely high risk was found to be 80.11%, and when considering risks related to the activities of industrial enterprises, the share of such facilities increases to 92.6%. In the Krasnoyarsk Territory, industrial enterprises are the main factor affecting the environmental quality, and therefore it becomes important to actively use the social and hygienic monitoring system as part of state control over the activities of industrial enterprises, the system that provides data on environmental factors and health status to be applied by the system of environmental management and public health.
About the authorsGoryaev D.V.
Tikhonova Irina V.
The conceptual foundation for enhancing the efficiency of control and supervision by the state and local governmental authorities for 2014-2018. Available at: http://ar.gov.ru/ru/news/1099/0/0/8/10/index.html (in Russian)
Mel’nikov R.M. Conceptual approaches to the formation of systems of risk-based regulation. Gosudarstvennaya sluzhba. 2013; (3): 26-9. (in Russian)
Popova A.Yu., Zaytseva N.V., May I.V., Kir’yanov D.A., Sboev A.S. Research and methodology approaches to the classification of economic units by public health harm risk for scheduling control and supervisory events. Analiz riska zdorov’yu. 2014; (4): 4-13. (in Russian)
Onishchenko G.G., Popova A.Yu., Zaytseva N.V., May I.V., Shur P.Z. Health risk analysis in the tasks of improving sanitary and epidemiological surveillance in the Russian Federation. Analiz riska zdorov’yu. 2014; (2): 4-13. (in Russian)
MR 5.1.1. - 14. Risk-based model for control and supervisory activities to ensure sanitary and epidemiological welfare of the population. Classification of business activities and business entities by potential health risk to organize scheduled control and supervisory activities: Recommended Practice. Moscow; 2014. (in Russian)
Zaytseva N.V., May I.V., Kir’yanov D.A., Sboev A.S., Andreeva E.E. Conceptual and methodological aspects of improving the effectiveness of control and supervisory activities based on hazard and risk assessment and estimation of harm to health of the population. Zdorov’e naseleniya i sreda obitaniya. 2014; (12): 4-7. (in Russian)
Zaytseva N.V., May I.V., Kir’yanov D.A., Babina S.V., Kriga A.S., Ovchinnikova E.L., et al. Problems and prospects for maintaining the register of sanitary and epidemiological objects of surveillance for the tasks of the transition to risk-oriented model of activity. Analiz riska zdorov’yu. 2015; (1): 4-11. (in Russian)
Zaytseva N.V., May I.V., Shur P.Z., Kir’yanov D.A. Methodological approaches for assessement performance and economical efficiency of the risk-oriented control and supervision of the Federal Service on Customers’ Rights Protection and Human Well-Being Surveillance (Rospotrebnadzor). Analiz riska zdorov’yu. 2014; (1): 4-13. (in Russian)
Zaytseva N.V., May I.V., Kostarev V.G., Bashketova N.S. On risk-oriented model of sanitary epidemiologic surveillance in occupational hygiene. Meditsina truda i promyshlennaya ekologiya. 2015; (8): 1-6. (in Russian)
Zaytseva N.V., May I.V., Kir’yanov D.A., Goryaev D.V., Kleyn S.V. Social and hygienic monitoring today: state and prospects in conjunction with the risk-based supervision. Analiz riska zdorov’yu. 2016; (4): 4-16. (in Russian)
Goryaev D.V., Tikhonova I.V., Torotenkova N.N. Hygienic assessment of drinking water quality and risks to public health in Krasnoyarsk Region. Analiz riska zdorov’yu. 2016; (3): 35-43. (in Russian)
Andreeva E.E. To estimation of health risks of workers during classification of objects of sanitary and epidemiological surveillance and planning of state control (by the example of Moscow). Analiz riska zdorov’yu. 2016; (2): 84-92. (in Russian)
- Refbacks are not listed
Контент доступен под лицензией Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.