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INDUSTRIAL ENTERPRISES AND HEALTH RISK CATEGORIES


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Abstract

In order to ensure the sanitary and epidemiological welfare of the population in the Russian Federation, measures are being taken to improve control and supervisory activities through the introduction of a risk-based approach to the organization of control and surveillance activities. At the base of the risk-based supervision, there is a differentiated approach to control and supervisory activities concentrating efforts on enterprises that pose Federal Service for Surveillance on Consumer Rights Protection and Human Wellbeingeptable health risks. The potential danger of the facilities subject to federal state sanitary and epidemiological supervision in the Krasnoyarsk Territory was assessed with regard to the health risk criteria. In the Krasnoyarsk Territory, with taking into account types of economic activity, 40.83% of the industrial enterprises fall under the category of those involving extremely high, high and significant public health risk. 1.6% of the economic entities pose an extremely high health risk in the Krasnoyarsk Territory as a whole and, with bearing in mind their activities, the percentage of such entities is slightly lower (1.48%). In terms of industrial enterprises’ activity, compared to other economic entities, the percentage of the enterprises posing extremely high risk is the highest and amounts to 4.37%. Such a prevailing ratio is typical for high-risk enterprises - 7.05%; 6.7% and 12.65% respectively, with approximately the same ratio of the enterprises posing a significant risk - 23.14%; 22.79% and 23.81% respectively. When assessing the total risk created by the economic entities of the Krasnoyarsk Territory with the consideration of their types of activity, the contribution of the enterprises posing extremely high risk was found to be 80.11%, and when considering risks related to the activities of industrial enterprises, the share of such facilities increases to 92.6%. In the Krasnoyarsk Territory, industrial enterprises are the main factor affecting the environmental quality, and therefore it becomes important to actively use the social and hygienic monitoring system as part of state control over the activities of industrial enterprises, the system that provides data on environmental factors and health status to be applied by the system of environmental management and public health.


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