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POSSIBILITIES FOR THE REDUCTION OF THE NEGATIVE IMPACT FROM THE USE OF SECONDARY FUEL FROM SOLID MUNICIPAL WASTE ON SANITARY CONDITIONS OF THE LIFE AND HUMAN HEALTH


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Abstract

There are considered possibilities of the reduction of the negative impact of the use of secondary fuels from solid municipal waste (SMW) on the sanitary conditions of the life and health through the application of the proposed technology for production of solid fuel of specified quality with the content of acceptable levels of hazardous components that determine the formation of emissions of priority pollutants under the use of the secondary fuel. There are presented results of investigations for the production of a proposed quality of secondary fuels from SMW with the use of the experimental-industrial complex for the optical and mechanical sorting of the waste. There is described the technology of the production of sanitary, toxicological and environmentally safe recycled fuel, based on the use of methods of optical-mechanic waste sorting and devices allowing to reduce in the secondary fuel, the content of chlorine-, mercury-and cadmium-containing components to the normative level and low-calorie roughage substances. There are given recommendations for the reduction of the anthropogenic impact on the population and objects of the environment to an acceptable level under the use of secondary fuels derived from SMW.


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