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ASSESSMENT OF VITAMIN PROVISION OF THE POPULATION OF THE LARGE ADMINISTRATIVE AND ECONOMIC CENTER OF THE WESTERN SIBERIA


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Abstract

Evaluation of vitamin status in residents of the Omsk city (106 men and 135 women) aged of from 18 to 75 years according to the serum content of vitamins A, D, E, K, C, B1, B5, B6, B9, B12. Lack of vitamins in the majority of the observed cases (63.2 ± 3.8%) had a combined character. There was revealed pronounce lack of vitamin D and folic acid, respectively in 70.9 ± 3.6% and 63.2 ± 5.6% of observed persons. The substantial proportion of the population was found to suffer from lacks of vitamin B1 (47.5 ± 4.2%), B6 (49.7 ± 3.8%), and vitamin E (47.1 ± 4.0%). The frequency of detection of a reduced availability of vitamin C was 16.2 ± 3.4%, B12 - 13.2 ± 3.2%, respectively. The deficiency of vitamin A deficiency was seldom (from 5.8 ± 1.9%). In the sample no person with a deficiency of vitamin K and pantothenic acid (B5) was revealed. Mediane of concentrations of phylloquinone, retinol and ascorbic acid and cyanocobalamin in blood serum were in the range of optimum values. Borderline values of the content (at the level of the lower limit of normal) were seen for vitamin E, B1, B6. There were found age differences in the availability of vitamins E, K, ascorbic acid.


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