OCCUPATIONAL HYGIENE AND HEALTH OF WORKERS EMPLOYED IN THE PROCESSING OF NATURAL GAS
This review in chronological order considers steps of the solution of the one of key issues of occupational medicine, namely - a hygienic assessment of working conditions at enterprises of gas-processing industry - the most steadily growing sector of economy, reliably providing the population’s needs and the national economy for fuel and energy resources. The intensity of the working process at these enterprises was shown to be often associated with the persistent exposure to various harmful factors of the occupational environment that in the complex promotes the formation of unfavorable functional states, a decline in the level of physical and mental health, productivity and efficiency of work. Industrial air environment in services workshop and compressor houses is often polluted with hydrogen sulphide, sulfur dioxide, mercaptans, methanol, saturated and unsaturated hydrocarbons, nitrogen and carbon oxides. The main cause of this pollution is a certain imperfection of the technological process and equipment, especially the lack of its tightness. The number of processes at a high temperature and elevated pressure in the presence of very aggressive reagents primarily, as hydrogen sulfide and sulfur dioxide promotes the release of harmful substances into air environment. The possibility of their additive or synergistic impact on employees is not excluded because just in such industries there is seen a number of combinations of harmful substances enforcing the action of each other. There is made a conclusion that working conditions and environmental protection at the enterprises for the processing of natural gas and condensate with the high content of hydrogen sulfide and other corrosive components need for the further comprehensive hygienic assessment with the aim of the development of measures for the improvement of working conditions, preservation of workers’ health and environmental protection at all stages of production and processing of hydrocarbon raw materials in modern conditions. In preparing the review, the Scopus and Russian Information Scientific Center databases were used.
About the authorsBoiko V.I.
Boiko Oksana V.
Kutsyn P.V., Gendel’ G.L., Babiev G.N. Occupational Health in the Development of Deposits of Sulfur-containing Natural Gas [Okhrana truda pri razrabotke serosoderzhashchikh mestorozhdeniy prirodnykh gazov]. Moscow: Nedra; 1986. (in Russian)
Lapshin V.I., Il’in A.F., Tokman A.K. Patterns of spatial distribution of the composition and possible changes in the properties of the gas in the reservoir AGKM. In: Exploration and Development of Oil and Gas Condensate Fields (Proceedings of Astrakhan NIPIGas) [Razvedka i osvoenie neftyanykh i gazokondensatnykh mestorozhdeniy (Nauchnye trudy Astrakhan’ NIPIgaz)]. Astrakhan’; 2001: 33-6. (in Russian)
Pivovarova N.A., Cheremina Yu.Yu., Tarakanov G.G. Purification of the light fractions from the sulfur compounds. In: Exploration and Development of Oil and Gas Condensate Fields (Proceedings of Astrakhan NIPIGas) [Razvedka i osvoenie neftyanykh i gazokondensatnykh mestorozhdeniy (Nauchnye trudy Astrakhan’ NIPIgaz)]. Astrakhan’; 2001: 115-8. (in Russian)
Afanas’ev F.I., Stryuchkov V.M., Podlegaev N.I. Technology of Sour Natural Gas [Tekhnologiya pererabotki sernistogo prirodnogo gaza]. Moscow: Nedra; 1993. (in Russian)
Karoeva N.A. Some questions morbidity with temporary disability Karadag gasoline plant. In: Materials of 2nd Congress of Hygienists and Health Officers of the Azerbaijan SSR [Materialy 2-go s”ezda gigienistov i sanitarnykh vrachey Azerbaydzhanskoy SSR]. Baku; 1968: 41-2. (in Russian)
Azizhodzhaev A.R., Nazarov M.A. Occupational Health in the Extraction and Processing of Natural Gas in the Climatic Conditions of Uzbekistan (Guidelines) [Gigiena truda pri dobyche i pererabotke prirodnogo gaza v klimaticheskikh usloviyakh Uzbekistana (Metodicheskie rekomendatsii)]. Tashkent; 1976. (in Russian)
Rakhmatullaeva E.S. Working conditions and health status of workers in the extraction of natural gas in the south of the country. Gigiena i sanitariya. 1992; 81 (3): 24-6. (in Russian)
Azizhodzhaev A.R. Prevention of Intoxication with Natural Gas and Disability Expertise Working in the Gas Industry (Guidelines) [Profilaktika intoksikatsii prirodnym gazom i ekspertiza trudosposobnosti rabochikh v gazovoy promyshlennosti (Metodicheskie rekomendatsii)]. Tashkent; 1984. (in Russian)
Rakhmatullin N.R., Karamova L.M., Boyko V.I. Hygienic assessment of working conditions in modern combined refining installations such as LC-GC. Gigiena truda i professional’nye zabolevaniya. 1986; (12): 30-5. (in Russian)
Boev V.M., Setko N.P. Sulphur Compounds of Natural Gas and their Effect on the Body [Sernistye soedineniya prirodnogo gaza i ikh deystvie na organism]. Moscow: Meditsina; 2001. (in Russian)
Rakhmanov R.S., Blinov T.V., Tarasov A.V., Shumskikh D.S. Antioxidant system as a promising area in the assessment of and predicting health outcomes. Gigiena i sanitariya. 2014; 93 (6): 91-4. (in Russian)
Lardinois O.M., de Montellano P.R. H2O2-mediated cross-linking between lactoperoxydase and myoglobin. Elucidation of protein-protein radical transfer reaction. J. Biol. Chem. 2001; 276 (25): 23 186-91.
Lee P.J., Choi A.M. Pathways of cell signaling in hyperoxia. Free Radic. Biol. Med. 2003; 35 (4): 341-50.
Anoop K., Sasmal D., Amand B., Kunal M., Aman T., Neelima S. Deltamethrin-induced oxidative stress and mitochondrial caspase-dependent signaling pathways in murine splenocytes. Environ. Toxicol. 2016; 31 (7): 808-19.
Pereira T.C., Campos M.M., Bogo M.R. Copper toxicology, oxidative stress and inflammation using zebrafish as experimental model. J. Appl. Toxicol. 2016; 36 (7): 876-85.
Khoroshev V.A., Golubev I.R. On the question of Russian oil and gas complex health protection of workers. Meditsina truda. 1997; (11): 1-5. (in Russian)
Boyko V.I. Occupational hygiene during preparation of aromatic hydrocarbons from petroleum feedstocks. Gigiena truda. 1980; (11): 5-8. (in Russian)
Sosedova L.M. Methodological approaches to the experimental study of the impact of environmental pollution on the human body. Gigiena i sanitariya. 2014; 93 (6): 94-9. (in Russian)
Boev V.M., Perepelkin S.V., Solovykh D.I. Characteristics of behavior and the state of peroxidation of lipids of the brain of rats with acute inhalation vovzdeystvii hydrogen sulfide-containing gas condensate. Zhurnal vysshey nervnoy deyatel’nosti. 1992; (12): 583-90. (in Russian)
Sterekhov N.P., Ivokina T.I. Clinic chronic intoxication sulfur-containing gases. In: Reports of the All-Union Scientific and Practical Conference “Ecology and the impact of natural gas in the body” [Doklady Vsesoyuznoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii “Ekologiya i vozdeystvie prirodnogo gaza na organizm”]. Astrakhan’; 1989: 209-13. (in Russian)
Klein A.V., Ivonina T.I. Effect of chronic exposure to sulfur oxide complex and industrial dust in the central nervous system. In: Reports of the Scientific Conference CSRL Sverdlovsk Medical Institute [Doklady nauchnoy konferentsii TsNIL Sverdlovskogo meditsinskogo instituta]. Sverdlovsk; 1989: 68-9. (in Russian)
Boyko O.V., Akhmineeva A.Kh., Boyko V.I., Gudinskaya N.I. The impact of the Astrakhan gas processing plant on the air pollution of industrial premises and territories. Gigiena i sanitariya. 2016; 95 (2): 167-71. (in Russian)
Boev V.M., Setko N.P. Adaptive regulation of the operators of gas-chemical production. Fiziologiya cheloveka. 1990; 4 (16): 140-6. (in Russian)
Filippova Z.Kh. About the maximum permissible concentration of hydrogen sulfide in the air of working premises at its present together with the lower hydrocarbon. In: Proceedings of the Ufa Research Institute of Hygiene and Occupational Diseases. “Occupational health and health of workers in the oil and petrochemical industry” [Trudy Ufimskogo NII gigieny i profzabolevaniy. “Gigiena truda i okhrana zdorov’ya rabochikh v neftyanoy i neftekhimicheskoy promyshlennosti”]. Ufa; 1960: 340-9. (in Russian)
Asanidze N.L., Astaf’eva A.E. Hygiene of labor in the production of motor fuels from gas condensate with a high content of hydrogen sulphide. In: Collection of Scientific Papers “Emergency Conditions Arising under the Influence of the Astrakhan Gas Condensate Field Components, their Prevention and Treatment” [Sbornik nauchnykh trudov “Neotlozhnye sostoyaniya, voznikayushchie pri vozdeystvii komponentov gazovogo kondensata Astrakhanskogo mestorozhdeniya, ikh profilaktika i lechenie”]. Saratov: 1988; (1): 29-31. (in Russian)
Asfandiyarov R.I., Buchin V.N., Laz’ko A.E., Rezaev A.A. Acute Poisoning by Sulfur-containing Gases [Ostrye otravleniya serosoderzhashchimi gazami]. Astrakhan’; 1995. (in Russian)
Boyko V.I. The main directions of improvement of working conditions and environmental protection in the gas industry. Gigiena truda. 1990; (11): 5-8. (in Russian)
Boyko V.I., Dotsenko Yu.I., Boyko O.V. Characteristics of industrial noise on the Astrakhan gas processing plant. Gigiena i sanitariya. 2011; 90 (4): 45-7. (in Russian)
Akhmineeva A.Kh., Polunina O.S. Endothelial dysfunction in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and asthma. Astrakhanskiy meditsinskiy zhurnal. 2012; 7 (3): 43-6. (in Russian)
Akhmineeva A.Kh., Voronin L.P., Sevost’yanova I.V., Polunina O.S. The level of C-reactive protein in patients with respiratory cardiac comorbidity. Astrakhanskiy meditsinskiy zhurnal. 2014; 9 (1): 45-9. (in Russian)
Chishieva M.A., Myasnyankin A.A., Kokhanov A.V. Brain Proteins with extreme physical and chemical parameters: immunochemical identification and simulation test systems. Astrakhanskiy meditsinskiy zhurnal. 2012; 1 (7): 93-6. (in Russian)
Kawada T. Long working hours and the risk of coronary heart disease. Am. J. Ind. Med. 2016; 59 (4): 336-7.
Masterson E.A., Themann C.L., Luckhaupt S.E., Li J., Calvert G.M. Hearing difficulty and tinnitus among U.S. workers and non-workers in 2007. Am. J. Ind. Med. 2016; 59 (4): 290-300.
Yao G., Yun Y., Sang N. Differential effects between one week and four weeks exposure to same mass of SO2 on synaptic plasticity in rat hippocampus. Environ. Toxicol. 2016; 31 (7): 820-9.
Chuenkova G.A., Karelin A.O., Askarov R.A., Askarova Z.F. Assessment of risk to public health of the city of Ufa, caused by atmospheric pollution. Gigiena i sanitariya. 2015; 94 (3): 23-30. (in Russian)
Kharlashova N. V., Chebotarev P.A. Influence of environment factors on the incidence of temporary disability working refinery. Gigiena i sanitariya. 2015; 94 (3): 48-52. (in Russian)
Krasovskiy V.O., Karamova L.M. Again on professionally-mediated diseases. Meditsina truda. 1995; (12): 27-31. (in Russian)
Boyko V.I., Kondrashova Yu.I., Boyko O.V., Dotsenko Yu.I., Aleksashina L.I., Zhurikhin A.V. Methods for a comprehensive assessment of the immune status of the working population. Klinicheskaya laboratornaya diagnostika. 2011; (10): 5. (in Russian)
Bezruchko N.V., Rubtsov G.K., Anopin K.D., Krivchenkova E.V. Clinical and biochemical perspectives of development of non-invasive methods of endogenous intoxication, the value of indicators of urine and saliva. Tekhnologii zhivykh sistem. 2013; 10 (1): 047-52. (in Russian)
Boyko O.V., Akhmineeva A.Kh., Gudinskaya N.I., Boyko V.I., Kozak D.M., Bendyug V.A. Biochemical and immunological markers in the diagnosis of pathological conditions. Fundamental’nye issledovaniya. 2013; (9): 327-9. (in Russian)
Boyko O.V. Akhmineeva A.Kh., Gudinskaya N.I., Boyko V.I., Kozak D.M. Age-related changes in immunological, morphological and biochemical indices of male reproductive system. Uspekhi gerontologii. 2014; 27 (1): 50-3. (in Russian)
Barg S.A. Features of behavioral health risk factors among industrial workers. Gigiena i sanitariya. 2016; 95 (1): 48-53. (in Russian)
Baigildina A.A., Khaiboullina S.F., Lombardi V.C., Martynova E.V., Rizvanov A.A., Anokhin V.A. Inflammatory cytokines kinetics define the severity and phase of nephropathia epidemica. Biomark Med. 2015; 9 (2): 99-107.
Shlyapnikov D.M., Shur P.Z., Alekseev V.B., Lebedeva T.M., Kostarev V.G. Methodical approaches to complex analysis and exposure time in the occupational risk assessment. Gigiena i sanitariya. 2016; 95 (1): 33-7. (in Russian)
Bianchi R., Schonfeld I.S. Job stress, inflammation, and atherosclerosis: A reflection. Am. J. Ind. Med. 2016; 59 (4): 340-1.
Kriventsev Yu.A., Bisalieva R.A., Noskov A.I. Human hemoglobins. Vestnik Astrakhanskogo gosudarstvennogo tekhnicheskogo universiteta. 2007; (6): 34-41. (in Russian)
Chernikova E.F. Effect of exchangeable nature of work on the health of workers. Gigiena i sanitariya. 2015; 94 (3): 44-8. (in Russian)
- Refbacks are not listed
Контент доступен под лицензией Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.