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INDICATION OF LISTERIA MONOCYTOGENES IN MEAT AND MEAT PRODUCTS IN THE TERRITORY OF AGRICULTURAL PROVINCE


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Abstract

In recent decades, the majority of outbreaks of listeriosis with a high percentage of deaths was caused by the consumption of food products, including meat and meat products. One of the main principles of prevention of listeriosis in humans and animals is a constant quality control of food and feeds. The district of the Ussurisk city specializes mainly in the production of agricultural products. Meat production work on the raw materials of local origin, and the imported meat is also used. There was executed a study concerning the possibility of the contamination of meat products of Listeria monocytogenes on the territory of the agricultural province of the district of the Ussurisk city for the period from 2012 to 2015. A total of 21491 sample products were investigated according to rules “Common sanitary and epidemiological and hygienic requirements for goods subject to sanitary-and-epidemiologic supervision (control)” of the Customs Union (Chapter II, section 1) and the Technical Regulations of the Customs Union № 880 “About security of food “(Appendix 1). The presence of 45 positive cases of L. monocytogenes was revealed, at that the most of them have been found in meat products and poultry meat. Observations of the occurrence rate of L. monocytogenes in meat of the imported production for a number of years show these the pathogenic bacteria to be isolated every year in 40% - 66.6% of cases (of all positive cases of isolation from meat). This meat was imported mainly from countries such as Brazil, Paraguay, New Zealand, Austria, England, Uruguay. A large proportion of meat and meat products, contaminated by L. monocytogenes enters the territory of Primorsky Kray from Latin America. It is important to note that meat and meat products contaminated by these pathogens were also produced in the territory of the district of the city of Ussurisk. In connection with it there is obvious the need as for further continuation of monitoring products on the market, as a survey of agricultural animals of private and public farms in the district.


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