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THE USE OF GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS (GIS) FOR IMPROVING SANITARY-EPIDEMIOLOGICAL SURVEILLANCE AND SOCIO-HYGIENIC MONITORING


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Abstract

The article represents the analysis of reasons and possibilities of the usage of the geographic information systems (GIS) in the field of the sanitary-epidemiological surveillance and the social-hygienic monitoring. There are discussed the main advantages of GIS for the establishment of relations between health of the population and the environmental pollution. Requirements to maps and databases are given. Uncertainties and problems of databases on health of the population and state of environment are under consideration. Value of GIS for spatial planning and justification of sanitary protection zones and the prospects of their use in the Northwest region are shown.


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