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EXPERIENCE OF METHODOLOGICAL SUPPORT AND PRACTICAL IMPLEMENTATION OF THE RISK-ORIENTED MODEL OF SANITARY-EPIDEMIOLOGICAL SURVEILLANCE IN 2014-2017


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Abstract

The article presents main stages of the accommodation of the Federal Service for Supervision in the field of consumer rights protection and human well-being for a risk-oriented model of control and supervision activities. The main methodological approaches to the classification of the activities of legal entities and individual entrepreneurs on the potential risk of harm to human health in the case of non-compliance with mandatory sanitary and epidemiological requirements are described. When assessing the risk, the probable frequency of violations of legislative requirements, the associated indices of potential harm to human health and the population under the influence of the surveillance facility activity were shown to be taken into account. For the tasks of the risk-oriented model, there was formed a federal register of supervisory objects, supplemented by data from all 85 regions of the country. The results of categorization of more than 630 thousand objects of supervision, data on which are included in the federal register, indicate to the share of objects of extremely high and high risk of harm to amount about 7.5% of the total mass. About 40% of the facilities do not form significant risks for citizens and can be excluded from the planned supervision, which does not exclude unscheduled inspections of their activities on the grounds established by law. The classification system is dynamic, allows lowering or raising the category of the object of supervision, depending on the results and history of inspections. The ways of the development of the risk-oriented model of supervision are determined.


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