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ALIMENTARY-DEPENDENT DISEASES OF THE POPULATION AND THE HYGIENIC CHARACTERISTIC OF THE FACTORS OF THE RISK OF THEIR DEVELOPMENT IN THE TERRITORY OF THE REPUBLIC OF TATARSTAN


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Abstract

The analysis of data on alimentary-dependent diseases among persons of the working age in the Republic of Tatarstan testifies to their steady growth. The proportion of deaths from diseases in the etiology of which nutrition plays a significant role over the period 2005-2015 was 77.9%. We have identified the main trend of eating behavior in each age group: high protein intake (in 75% of men and 81% of women) and fat (in 59% of women and 67% of men). A normal range of the body mass index (20.0-24.9), was noted in 44.3% of women and 44.7% of men. About 38% of the surveyed men and more than 2/3 of women (63.2%) do not have additional physical activity. As a result of the irrational eating behavior and low physical activity, the number of overweight men increased by 17.5% during the studied period. Only 20% of residents of the Republic of Tatarstan can be considered rational.


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