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METHODICAL APPROACH TO THE INVESTIGATION OF RESERVES IN THE PERFORMANCE AND MANAGEMENT IN THE SYSTEM OF FEDERAL SERVICE FOR SURVEILLANCE OVER CONSUMER RIGHTS PROTECTION AND HUMAN WELL-BEING (ROSPOTREBNADZOR) AS ACCORDING TO PREVENTED HEALTH LOSSES IN THE POPULATION OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION


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Abstract

Introduction. Search solutions to strategic tasks aimed at preservation of population health in the Russian Federation requires an increase in the productivity and efficiency of public administration, including that performed by control and surveillance organizations. Material and methods. The article focuses on an algorithm for assessing the efficiency of control and surveillance activities performed by Federal Service for Surveillance over Consumer Rights Protection and Human Well-being organizations and authorities. The authors calculated population morbidity and mortality rate associated with adverse effects produced by the environment and prevented due to control and surveillance activities by Federal Service for Surveillance over Consumer Rights Protection and Human Well-being. The calculation was based on certain regularities related to the interaction between compartments in a tripartite system “ Federal Service for Surveillance over Consumer Rights Protection and Human Well-being activities - environmental objects quality - population health”. The authors also suggest indices that can help to estimate the productivity of activities performed by Federal Service for Surveillance over Consumer Rights Protection and Human Well-being and its managerial resources. Spatial classification and typologization of the RF regions was performed as per a set of parameters with k-means cluster analysis. Results. The suggested approaches were tested in research on the productivity of control and surveillance activities aimed at a decrease in a population mortality and morbidity rate in the RF regions caused by neoplasms and circulatory system diseases and associated with the environment quality. The authors estimated a contribution made by Federal Service for Surveillance over Consumer Rights Protection and Human Well-being activities on providing sanitary-epidemiologic well-being in the achievement of target figures on population mortality caused by neoplasms and circulatory system diseases. Discussion. There are vital tasks that need to be solved if we wish to increase the productivity of Federal Service for Surveillance over Consumer Rights Protection and Human Well-being activities as per criteria that reflect prevented population health losses caused by the sanitary-epidemiologic situation. Finding solutions to these tasks requires creating a system of additional managerial actions aimed at improving the quality of environmental objects; it can be done due to the redistribution of resources spent on the performance of Federal Service for Surveillance over Consumer Rights Protection and Human Well-being activities. The task is an optimization one and is an object for further research and publications by the authors. Conclusion. Analytical techniques described in the article are universal and are not confined to a specific social-economic system or a public administration system. It makes wide implementation of the suggested approaches quite possible; they can be applied to estimate contributions made by various public authorities in achievement of target figures.


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