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PSYCHOLOGICAL READINESS FOR MEDICAL ACTIVITIES IN STUDENTS OF THE MEDICAL COLLEGE AS A PSYCHOHYGIENIC FACTOR OF NURSING


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Abstract

Introduction. Psychological readiness of graduates of Medical College to performance of their professional duties in Russia practically is not studied, whereas in foreign literature, this issue is devoted to many studies. Aim. To explore the psychological readiness of future graduates of Medical College with the initial goal of identifying the observed statistical regularities, including the phenomenological approach. Materials and methods. We surveyed 54 students of both genders enrolled in Medical College (St. Petersburg) on the program of secondary education “Nursing”. All participants completed questionnaires, compiled by the tests, modified on the basis of the phenomenological approach: State-Trait Anxiety Inventory of Ch.D. Spielberger, a test of the level of subjective control (scale of internality), and, in fact, a phenomenological interview of E.P. Kоrablina. Statistical processing was performed using contingency tables with the verification of the dependence/independence of the age ranges on the χ2 Pearson criterion of consent. Check the relationship between the categories is taken for the probability of error of the first kind p less than 0.05. All computing operations are performed using statistical application spreadsheets Excel-2003. Results. All the tested questionnaires were modified on the based the phenomenological approach, higher education was found significant (p<0.05) difference in respect of psychological readiness for professional duties performance as compared with students. Conclusion. The level of psychological readiness identified by three independent tests, studying at evening classes was higher than that of students on day branch, which means a greater willingness of students to evening classes to professional activities after graduation.


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