THE CONSUMPTION OF VITAMINS BY THE POPULATION OF WORKING AGE (ON THE EXAMPLE OF REPUBLIC OF TATARSTAN)
To assess the level of consumption of vitamins entering the body with food, vitamin and mineral complexes, and enriched food in the population of working age of the Republic of Tatarstan. The quantitative content of vitamin A and ß-carotene in the diet of men and women is 2 or more times lower than normal value. Indices of the daily intake of vitamin C are 3 times less than normal. Significant differences in the intake of vitamins with food depending on the group of physical activity were not revealed (p > 0.05). Combined deficiency of retinol, β-carotene, thiamine, Riboflavin, Niacin, and ascorbic acid can be traced in 86% of diets. 13.2% of women and 3.7% of men use vitamin and mineral complexes every day; 48% of respondents fail to use them, the rest (35.1%) persons use irregularly. The intake of vitamin and mineral complexes correlates with the average monthly income and the level of education of the respondents (p ≤ 0.05). 3% of respondents consume enriched food 1-2 times a week. The majority of respondents (73%) do not know about products with high nutritional value, the rest (24%), use enriched products 1-2 times a month. We have not found a relationship between the number of enriched products consumed, family income and education level (p > 0.05).
About the authorsFrolova Oksana A.
Tutel’jan V.A., Baturin A.K. The influence of nutrition on health and active longevity of a person: a modern view. The future of Russia’s food system (in expert community assessments). Ed. V.F. Lishenko. M.: Economics, 2014. (in Russian)
VjalkovA.I.Modern problems of the health status of the population of the Russian Federation. Problemy upravleniya zdravoohraneniem [Problems of health management]. 2002; 1: 10-2. (in Russian)
Tutel’yan V.A., Spirichev V.B., SHatnyuk L.N. Correction of micronutrient deficiency is the most important aspect of the concept of healthy nutrition in Russia. Voprosy pitaniya [Problems of nutrition]. 2014; 1:3. (in Russian).
WHO global strategy on diet, physical activity and health: a framework to monitor and evaluate implementation. 2009. (in Russian)
Frolova O.A., Karpova M.V. Assessment of actual nutrition of the population and analysis of the development of nutritional diseases in the territory of the Republic of Tatarstan. Kazan: MedDoK; 2015. (in Russian)
Tutel’jan V.A., Suhanov B.L., Karimova M.G. Preconditions and factors of farming a regional policy in healthy nutrition in Russia. Voprosy pitaniya [Problems of nutrition]. 2007; 76 (6): 39-43. (in Russian)
Tutel’yan V.A., Pogozheva A.V., Egorenkova N.P. et al. Diagnostics and alimentary prevention ofthe non-infectious diseases. YAkutskij medicinskij zhurnal [Yakut medical journal]. 2015; 51 (3):74-76. (in Russian).
Tutel’yan V.A., Baturin A.K., Pogozheva A.V. Principles of alimentary prevention of stroke. Nevrologiya i revmatologiya [Neurology and rheumatology]. 2011; 1: 72-75. (in Russian).
Kodencova V.M., Risnik D.V., Nikityuk D.B., Tutel’yan V.A. Multivitamin-mineral supplementation in medical nutrition. Consilium Medicum. 2017; 19 (12):76-83. (in Russian).
Kodenczova V.M., Vrzhesinskaya O.A., Risnik D.V. et al. The provision of the population of Russia with micronutrients and the possibility of its correction. State of issue. Voprosy pitaniya [Problems of nutrition]. 2017; 84 (4): 113-124. (in Russian).
Vrzhesinskaya O.A., Kodencova V.M., Beketova N.A. et al. Influence of intake of vitamin mineral complexes with prophylactic doses of micronutrients on the vitamin status in patients of a tuberculosis outpatient clinic. Infekcionnye bolezni [Infectious disease]. 2018; 16 ( 1): 79-86. (in Russian).
Kodencova V.M., Vrzhesinskaya O.A., Nikityuk D.B., Tutel’yan V.A. Vitamin status of adult population of the Russian Federation: 1987-2017. Voprosy pitaniya [Problems of nutrition]. 2018; 87 (4): 62-68. (in Russian).
Martinchik A.N., Baturin A.K., Baeva B.C.et al. Album of food and food portions. [Al’bom porcij produktov i bljud]. M., 1995. (in Russian)
Chemical composition of Russian food products: Handbook. Ed. prof. I.M. Skurihin and prof. V.A. Tutel’jan. Moscow: DeLiprint; 2002. 236 p. (in Russian).
Chemical composition of food products. Book 2: Reference tables for the content of amino acids, fatty acids, vitamins, macro- and microelements, organic acids and carbohydrates. Ed. prof.I.M. Skurihin and prof. M.N. Volgarev. Moscow, Agropromizdat; 1987.
KodencovaV.M. Supply of vitamins of the Russian population. Pererabotka moloka [Milk processing]. 2015; 5: 47-51. (in Russian)
Beketov N.A., Pogozheva A.V., KodencovaV.M.Vitamin status of citizens from Moscow Region. Voprosy pitaniya [Problems of nutrition]. 2016;85(4): 61-7. (in Russian)
DocenkoV.A., KononenkoI.A., MosijchukL.V.Features of consumption of vitamins and foods enriched with biologically active substances by Petersburgers. Gigiena i sanitariya [Hygiene and Sanitation, Russian journal]. 2016; 95 (5): 479-83. (in Russian)
Mogil’nyj M.P., Tutel’yan V.A. Features of food of the working population. Voprosy pitaniya [Problems of nutrition]. 2014; 83 (S3): 29. (in Russian).
Kodencova V.M., Beketova N.A., Nikityuk D.B., Tutel’yan V.A. Kodentsova V.M., Nikityuk D.B., Tutelyan V.A. Characteristics of vitamin provision in the adult population of the Russian Federation. Profilakticheskaya medicina [Preventive medicine]. 2018; 21( 4): 32-37. (in Russian).
Vil`ms E.A., Turchaninov D.V., Yunaczkaya T.A., Soxoshko I.A. Evaluation of vitamin provision of the population of major administrative and economic centre of Western Siberia. Gigiena i sanitariya [Hygiene and Sanitation, Russian journal]. 2017; 96 (3): 277-280. (in Russian).
Kodencova V.M., Pogozheva A.V., Gromova O.A., Shih E.V.Vitamin-mineral supplements in nutrition of adults. Voprosy pitaniya [Problems of nutrition]. 2015; 84 (6): 141-50. (in Russian)
Isakov V.A., Bogdanova A.A., Bessonov V.V. et al. Effects of multivitamin, multimineral and phytonutrient supplementation on nutrient status and biomarkers of heart health risk in a russian population: a randomized, double blind, placebo-controlled study. Nutrients. 2018; 10(2): 120.
Kodencova V.M., Vrzhesinskaya O.A. Vitamin-mineral complexes: forms and application. Mikroelementy v medicine [Trace elements in medicine]. 2018; 19 (1):14-23. (in Russian).
- Refbacks are not listed
Контент доступен под лицензией Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.