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THE CONTRIBUTION OF UFA RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND HUMAN ECOLOGY TO THE DEVELOPMENT OF PREVENTIVE MEDICINE AND THE SOLUTION OF ENVIRONMENTAL AND HYGIENIC PROBLEMS


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Abstract

Federal Budgetary Institution of Science “Ufa Research Institute of Occupational Health and Human Ecology” was organized on September 15, 1955. From the first days of its existence, the Institute was focused on solving hygienic problems associated with the influence of fuel and energy enterprises on the environment and public health. One of the leading departments of the Institute is the Department of medical ecology (formerly the Department of environmental hygiene). The article presents the stages of development and the results of scientific research for the 60-years period of activity on municipal hygiene, conducted by specialists of the Department of medical ecology of the Institute. Research is carried out in the following areas: the study of Toxicological properties of new chemicals and drugs with the justification of hygienic regulations in the environment; hygienic assessment of the state of the environment in the territories of oil production and refining, mining and ore processing industries, large agrochemical complexes, etc.; risk assessment for public health due to the impact of environmental factors; development of regulatory and methodological documents to ensure the sanitary and environmental well-being of the population. The article provides information about the stages of the Department, its leaders, the first scientific developments. sanitary surveys are shown to be comprehensive. The objects of research of the Department are atmospheric air, surface, and underground water sources, soil cover, agricultural products. This material reflects the main results on the levels of pollution of the environment and the existing risks to the health of the population of certain territories of the Republic of Bashkortostan. The most significant scientific works of the staff of the Department on the problem of medical ecology are listed, the main achievements, scientific priorities, and prospects for the development of hygienic research in solving environmental problems in the territories of large industrial centers are reflected.


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