PROBLEMS OF ENDOGENOUS FIRES IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE ORE DEPOSITS AND THE EXPERIENCE OF THE HYGIENIC ASSESSMENT OF THE EMERGENCY, THE EMISSION OF SULFUR-CONTAINING COMPOUNDS
Introduction. In the development and operation of ore deposits, there is a risk of adverse effects from the occurrence of endogenous mine fires (spontaneous combustion of ore), as a result of which there are emissions of significant amounts of harmful and poisonous gas-dust impurities into the atmosphere. This study was conducted in connection with the current unfavorable sanitary and epidemiological situation in the city of Sibay of the Republic of Bashkortostan, due to the decay of sulfur-containing ore of the underground mine. The purpose of the study is to assess the ecological and hygienic situation associated with air pollution by the decay products of the ore rock of the Sibai underground mine. Material and methods. The assessment of the level of air pollution in residential areas of Sibai was carried out on the basis of the analysis of monitoring data of 4 independent laboratories (more than 40000 samples from atmospheric air). Calculations and assessment of public health risk were carried out in accordance with the Guidelines 188.8.131.520-04. Statistical processing was carried out using the software “Microsoft Excel”. Results. During the period of an intensive decay of the ore rock of the Sibay underground mine in the atmospheric air of some areas of the city, there were found concentrations of sulfur dioxide and hydrogen sulfide exceeding hygienic standards (maximum permissible concentration) by 30 or more times and 80 or more times correspondingly. The values of hazard indices in relation to the respiratory system when combined inhalation substances: hydrogen sulfide, sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxide, nitrogen dioxide were ranging from 0,3 (acceptable risk) to 18,4 (high risk). Sulfur dioxide (the hazard ratio to 14.0) and hydrogen sulfide (the hazard ratio to 6.6) made the greatest contribution to the formation of a health risk. Conclusion. There is a high tendency to spontaneous combustion - the emergence of endogenous fires for copper-pyrite deposits represented by pyrite, chalcopyrite, pyrrhotite. The decay of the ore rock of the Sibay underground mine resulted in air pollution of residential areas with hydrogen sulfide and sulfur dioxide, which contributed to the formation of an increased non-carcinogenic risk to public health.
About the authorsBakirov A.B.
Valeev Timur K.
Burceva I.G., Tihonova T.V. Socio-economic and ecological problems of mining industry of the Komi Republic. Ekonomicheskie i sotsial’nye peremeny: fakty, tendentsii, prognoz. 2015; 3 (39): 100-10. (in Russian)
Valeev T.K., Sulejmanov R.A., Bakty`baeva Z.B., Egorova N.N, Rahmatullin N.R., Davletnurov et al. Ecological-hygienic assessment of influence of mining industry on environmental quality and human health. Bezopasnost’ zhiznedeatel’nosti [Life Safety]. 2018; 5: 14-8. (in Russian)
Sulfur ejection at Gaisky GOK. Available at: https://vgae.ru/news/events/1526-vybros-gaza-na-gayskom-goke.html (accessed 13 June 2019). (in Russian)
Nurmadieva G.T., Zhetpisbaev B.A. The impact of the ecosystem on human health in the industrialized regions of Kazakhstan. Literature review. Nauka i zdravookhranenie. 2018; 4: 107-32. (in Russian)
Daukaev R.A., Sulejmanov R.A. Ekologo-hygienic estimation of influence of ferrous metallurgy enterprises on the environment of the territories of the Bashkir Zauralye. Ekologiya cheloveka [Human Ecology]. 2008; 7: 9-13. (in Russian)
Air pollution in the development of deposits. Available at: http://ekologyprom.ru/uchebnik-po-promyshlennoj-ekologii/113-zagryaznenie-atmosfernogo-vozduxa-pri-razrabotke.html (accessed 3 June 2019). (in Russian)
Zvereva V.P. Environmental aspects of mining district, Dalnegorsk (Primorye). Gornyy informatsionno-analiticheskiy byulleten’. 2005; 12(3): 570-8. (in Russian)
Kuzneczov V.S., Kolosov O.Yu. Reduction of environmental pollution during works on reclamation of waste rock dumps. Zapiski Gornogo instituta. 2013; 203: 137-41. (in Russian)
Maksimova A.M. The integration of environmental damage in the design of mining facilities Modernization. Modernizatsiya. Innovatsii. Razvitie. 2016; 3 (27): 125-30. (in Russian)
Matvienko N.G., Voronyuk A.S. Fundamentals of safety of development of gas-bearing and prone to spontaneous combustion ore deposits. Gornyy informatsionno-analiticheskiy byulleten’. 2012; 1: 160-71. (in Russian)
Sibay deposit (South Urals). Available at: https://studopedia.su/15_18462_mestorozhdenie-sibay-yuzh-ural.html (accessed 3 June 2019)
Mustafin A.G., Sabitova Z.Sh., Sharipov T.V. Ecological problems of mining region of Bashkir TRANS-Urals and ways of their solution. Vestnik Bashkirskogo universiteta. 2011; 1: 43-6. (in Russian)
The causes of mine fires and factors affecting the process of spontaneous combustion. Available at: https://helpiks.org/4-8810.html (accessed 14 June 2019). (in Russian)
Pyrite spontaneous combustion as applied to the conditions of the Oryol mine. Available at: https://scienceforum.ru/2017/article/2017035246 (accessed 14 June 2019). (in Russian)
Rezul`taty` issledovaniya prob vozduxa na territorii gorodskogo okruga g. Sibaj. Available at: https://sibay.bashkortostan.ru/presscenter/news/137356/ (accessed 3 June 2019). (in Russian)
Spontaneous combustion of organic and mineral substances and ensuring fire safety of rocks. Available at: http://uverenniy.ru/samovozgoranie-organicheskih-i-mineralenih-veshestv-i-obespech.html (accessed 10 June 2019). (in Russian)
Sibayskoye copper-zinc pyrite deposit. Available at: https://ru.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/ (accessed 3 June 2019). (in Russian)
Stas` G.V., Smirnova E.A. Accidents and injuries at mining and metallurgical enterprises. Izvestiya TulGU. Nauki o Zemle. 2015; 1: 7-11. (in Russian)
Sulejmanov R.A., Bakirov A.B., Valeev T.K., Raxmatullin N.R., Bakty`baeva Z.B., Daukaev R.A. et al. Health risk assessment of mining areas of Bashkortostan associated with the quality of drinking water supply. Analiz riska zdorov’yu [Health Risk Analysis]. 2016; 4: 64-71. (in Russian)
Urazbaev S.S., Radchenko G.A., Shalamov V.M., Novomlincev A.M., Spivak V.S., Tojbazarov M.A. Spontaneous combustion of sulfide ores in open source development. Bezopasnost’ truda v promyshlennosti. [Occupational Safety in Industry]. 1974; June: 50-2. (in Russian)
Ushakov A.S., Chmy`halova S.V. Detection of the influence of wastes from mining and processing plants on the environment and human health, taking into account their chemical composition. Gornyy informatsionno-analiticheskiy byulleten’. 2011; 8: 237-42. (in Russian)
Hasanova R.F., Semenova I.N., Suyundukov Ya.T., Rafikova Yu.S., Biktimerova G.Ya., Il`bulova G.R. et al. Environmental assessment of pollution of heavy metals in soils of industrial zones in the city of Sibay. Vestnik Orenburgskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. 2017; 12 (212): 74-7. (in Russian)
Yanturin S.I., Singizova G.Sh., Absalyamov T.A. The Influence of mining enterprises of the Bashkir Zauralye the contamination of soils with heavy metals. Vestnik Orenburgskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. 2009; 6: 654-5. (in Russian)
- Refbacks are not listed
Контент доступен под лицензией Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.