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THE ROLE OF INDUSTRIAL AEROSOLS IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF ALLERGIC RESPIRATORY DISEASES AND MEASURES TO REDUCE THEM


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Abstract

Introduction. Industrial aerosols remain one of the main sources of development of occupational respiratory diseases of allergic etiology, leading to the early and permanent disability of qualified industrial workers. Material and methods. A retrospective analysis of the prevalence of occupational diseases of the respiratory tract from exposure to industrial aerosols according to statistical records and the first time established occupational diseases registration logs in the clinic for the period from 2008 to 2017 was carried out. Results. According to the analysis of occupational respiratory diseases in the Republic of Bashkortostan and the sanitary and hygienic characteristics of working conditions, the development of occupational allergic diseases of the respiratory organs was established in 54% of cases to be associated with exposure to aerosols of complex chemical composition exceeding the maximum permissible concentrations. Discussion. The working conditions of employees in a number of industries are characterized by the predominant effect of industrial aerosols of complex composition influenced the formation of occupational allergic diseases of the respiratory system. Adverse microclimatic conditions at the workplace in combination with a chemical factor are aggravating factors. The largest number of cases of occupational respiratory diseases is registered in the manufacturing sectors of the economy, mining companies, and the construction industry. Conclusion. Based on the studies conducted, measures have been developed to reduce the levels of exposure to industrial aerosols and to maintain workers’ health.


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