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CHARACTERISTICS OF PHYSICAL HEALTH OF STUDENTS OF MODERN EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS


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Abstract

Introduction. The article is devoted to schoolchildren physical health signs in Nizhniy Novgorod schools of different physical education level. Material and methods. The morphofunctional signs of 3045 children in 8 schools have been studied using anthropometry and functional tests during a medical examination. The method of integral indices rating from 0 to 1 has been used for assessment of physical health level. Results. The physical health (PH) has been estimated by morphofunctional signs and tolerance to physical load. Every eighth child (12,8 %) is characterized by low and below the average level of PH. A third of children (34,3%) has average level PH, 41,2% has above the average level of PH, only 11,7% - high level of PH. Physical health is increased in schoolchildren with high and above the average level of PH to senior age group. It makes up more than 75% of boys and 65% girls in 3rd stage of education. The relationship between physical education and physical health is shown. Schoolchildren’s physical health is more in two times in schools with an integration of modern forms of physical activity and maintenance of all hygienic requirements in comparison with schools using traditional physical education under physical standards and uniformity. Conclusion. The given results are the scientific background for the inclusion of additional organizational-methodical forms and technologies of physical education to increase the schoolchildren’s physical activity, physical health, and adaptation reserves.


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