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FUNCTIONAL MODEL OF ORGANIZATION OF REMOTE CARDIOLOGICAL REHABILITATION ON THE BASIS OF INTERNET- AND MOBILE TECHNOLOGIES


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Abstract

The development and introduction of modern technologies of cardiac rehabilitation (CR) and secondary prevention, implementing the principles of patient-orientation, suggest a certain organizational transformation, the purpose of which is to increase the role of the patient. Modern communications linking different levels of rehabilitation observation (early inpatient, specialized inpatient, outpatient) increase the availability of specialized observation as a whole. Objective study: to develop a functional model of the organization of an outpatient hospital using electronic and mobile health care tools. Material and methods. The design used the PDCA methodology (Deming cycle) with the implementation of a step-by-step algorithm for doctor-patient interactions: «Plan - Do - Chec - Akt». The conceptual model is built on the principles of the patient’s “managed self-help”. The main elements of the functional model are: office computerized counseling, remote monitoring based on home registration devices with the function of feedback and decision-making of the doctor and patient in the system of remote cardiac rehabilitation (DKR). Results. The step-by-step PDCA algorithm is implemented as a block (modular) type of grouping of elements. The modular structure of the DKR organization is presented with a description of the functionality, execution tools and results of the model stages. Discussion. In the described model, the DKR organization attempted to combine 1) traditional CR methods with proven safety and efficiency; 2) principles of organization of patient-oriented care; 3) the methodology for continuous quality improvement of PDCA; 4) remote patient monitoring technology. Conclusion. The results of the presented development were correlated with the capabilities of modern information and communication technologies and evidence-based knowledge in the field of the Kyrgyz Republic and are proposed as a potential method of overcoming organizational barriers and the development of modern methods of providing rehabilitation assistance.


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