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TOXICOLOGICAL COMPETENCE OF STUDENTS AS PRINCIPLE OF EDUCATING IMPROVEMENT IN MEDICAL UNIVERSITY


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Abstract

Introduction. Chemicals are spread in all human life spheres that proposed a high risqué of poisons and occasions. In this one it’s urgent to improve of toxicological training of medical staff. Aim: to reveal a basic knowledge at students about toxicology for developing a new offer in studying of this discipline in medical education facilities. Material and methods. A survey of students of the Northern State Medical University was conducted on the subject of their awareness of the household, environmental and industrial aspects of chemical hazard, the structure of chemicals in the environment of the Arkhangelsk region. Results. The degree of awareness on the basic issues of toxicology, as well as the readiness of medical students to provide first aid to people poisoned by chemicals outside the medical organization, their knowledge of the procedure for conducting preventive measures and the adoption of organizational and medical decisions in case of mass poisoning turned out to be unsatisfactory, which is due to extremely insufficient attention to discipline «Toxicology» in the implementation of the educational program. Conclusions. It is proposed to take into account the results of students’ knowledge for the correction of the learning process with a focused study of the structure of household and industrial chemicals specific to the territory of residence and employment, as well as the assessment of chemicals from the standpoint of medical and tactical characteristics. The necessity of restoring the academic discipline «Toxicology and radiology with medical protection against toxic substances» with at least 3 credits and developing an interdepartmental program in a medical university within the framework of a new scientific and practical direction - toxicological preventology is substantiated.


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