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LIPID PEROXIDATION FUNCTIONAL STATE CHANGES IN PATIENTS WITH OBSTRUCTIVE JAUNDICE DEPENDING ON THE LEVEL OF BILIRUBIN IN THE BLOOD


DOI: https://doi.org/10.51620/0869-2084-2021-66-12-722-727

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Abstract

Obstructive jaundice (OJ) is the most common syndrome among diseases of the hepatopancreatoduodenal region and is found in 12-45% of cases. OJ may be benign and malignant etiology. Despite the evidence of the participation of bilirubin in reducing the bactericidal properties of neutrophils, there are no data currently on changes in the functioning of the antioxidant defense system depending on the level of bilirubin in the blood of patients with OJ of various origins. Research in this direction reveals the possibility for the development of pathogenetic recommendations for influencing these links of the pathogenesis of the disease. The study included men with OJ of non-malignant (OJNMG) (n = 47; mean age - 52.02 ± 5.18 years) and OJ of malignant genesis (OJMG) (I-II stages of the malignant process) (n = 45; mean age - 53.02 ± 4.8 years), divided into three subgroups, depending on the level of bilirubin in the blood. The indicators of practically healthy men as a control (n = 50, average age - 48.7 ± 3.9 years) were used. Spectrophotometric and statistical research methods were used. A statistically significant decrease of superoxide dismutase, glutathione-S-transferase, glutathione-peroxidase, ceruloplasmin, an increase in the values of diene conjugates, malondialdehyde in the group of patients with OJNMG relative to the control was revealed, regardless of the level of bilirubin in the blood. The presence of malignant genesis of the disease with more intense changes in the studied parameters relative to control is accompanied. Comparison of indicators between groups of patients with OJ of different genesis showed a decrease in the values of glutathione-S-transferase and an increase in the level of diene conjugates in patients with OJMG and the level of bilirubin less than 60 μmol / L, as well as an increase in the content of diene conjugates in patients with OJNMG and a level of bilirubin 60- 200 μmol / L in comparison with the corresponding groups of patients with OJNMG. Thus, both in the groups with OJNMG and in the groups with OJMG, there is a significant decrease in the activity of the main antioxidant enzymes and an increase in lipid peroxidation products, regardless of the level of bilirubin in the blood. The presence of malignant genesis is characterized by more intense differences. The revealed changes can serve as additional criteria for optimizing the diagnosis and treatment of this cohort of patients.


Для цитирования: Даренская М.А., Губанов Б.Г., Колесникова Л.И., Колесников С.И. Изменение уровня ферментов антиоксидантного действия и продуктов липопероксидации у пациентов с механической желтухой в зависимости от уровня билирубина в крови. Клиническая лабораторная диагностика. 2021; 66 (12): 722-727. https://doi.org/10.51620/0869-2084-2021-66-12-722-727

For citation: Darenskaya M.A., Gubanov B.G., Kolesnikova L.I., Kolesnikov S.I. Lipid peroxidation functional state changes in patients with obstructive jaundice depending on the level of bilirubin in the blood. Klinicheskaya Laboratornaya Diagnostika (Russian Clinical Laboratory Diagnostics). 2021; 66 (12): 722-727 (in Russ.). https://doi.org/10.51620/0869-2084-2021-66-12-722-727

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