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PROPAEDEUTICS OF BIOETHICS IN THE PHILOSOPHY OF EDUCATION OF THE RUSSIAN DOCTOR IN THE XXI CENTURY


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Abstract

The article deals with bioethics’ problems in medical students’ training through the prism of the philosophy of education, which was formed in the middle of the XX century when the humanitarian-anthropological turn in philosophy was formed. The term “bioethics “was first used in 1970 by W.R. Potter, who proposed the concept of “bioethics” to refer to a complex interdisciplinary knowledge, the goal of which is the survival of humankind. As an independent discipline, bioethics is taught in the first years of the medical university. It is this course of bioethics in medical universities that can be called “propaedeutics of bioethics.” This is due to the fact theoretical bioethics to be studied in the context of philosophy, when the student is given the opportunity to adequately interpret philosophical abstractions in bioethics, and applied, often very acute and complex problems of bioethics are studied in the senior courses of the university and in the system of postgraduate education, when future doctors master medical bioethics in the courses of resuscitation, transplantology, medical genetics, psychiatry, etc. The professional knowledge and culture of the doctor were shown to be not identical to his humanism. In this regard, the need for the integration of humanitarian and clinical disciplines in Russian higher medical schools is emphasized. At the same time, numerous concepts and principles of bioethics serve as universal mechanisms for “fitting” modern man and his life world into the totality of life, which allows us to speak of bioethics as universal ethics.


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