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DYNAMICS OF ACUTE POISONING WITH NARCOTIC AND PSYCHOTROPIC DRUGS IN CHILDREN


DOI: https://doi.org/10.46563/1560-9561-2021-24-5-328-334

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Abstract

Introduction. Acute poisoning of chemical aetiology in children and adolescents is a significant medical and social problem. The average overall assessment of the state of the drug situation in St. Petersburg by all criteria is: in 2018 - 3.6 (pre-crisis condition), in 2019 - 3.5 (pre-crisis), in 2020 - 3.3 (severe). The aim of this work is to analyze the structure of acute poisoning with narcotic and psychodysleptic drugs in children of St. Petersburg. Materials and methods. An analysis was carried out of 4256 cases of acute chemical poisoning in children (form No. 64) admitted to the acute poisoning department of N.F. Filatov St. Petersburg State Children Hospital from 2016 to 2018. Results. The total number of chemical aetiology poisonings was 1441 cases in 2016, 1,527 in 2017 and 1,288 in 2018. Poisoning with narcotic and psychodysleptic drugs was (of the total number of poisonings) in 2016 - 3.1%, in 2017 - 5.8% and 2018 - 4.9%. The top place among poisonings with toxic substances of this group are opiates, methadone, LSD, hashish. The maximum poisoning with psychotropic drugs is psychostimulants such as methamphetamine - 2.6%, amphetamine - 1.4%, ecstasy - 1.2%. There was a significant increase in acute poisoning with unspecified psychotropic drugs from 0.7% (2016) to 4.6% (2018). Conclusions. The obtained results of the study revealed a decrease in the total number of acute chemical poisoning by 18.9%. On the background of a reduction in the total number of poisonings, there is an increase in the frequency of poisoning with neurodestructive substances (methadone, hashish, LSD, benzodiazepine, amphetamine, methamphetamine and ecstasy). The most frequent cause of acute chemical intoxication in children is poisoning with psychotropic drugs.


Для цитирования: Куценко В.П., Ковалева Д.Д., Миронова Н.Р., Румянцева Т.О. Динамика острых отравлений детей наркотическими и психотропными препаратами. Российский педиатрический журнал. 2021; 24(5): 328–334. https://doi.org/10.46563/1560-9561-2021-24-5-328-334

For citation: Kutsenko V.P., Kovaleva D.D., Mironova N.R., Rumyantseva T.O. Dynamics of acute poisoning with narcotic and psychotropic drugs in children. Rossiyskiy Pediatricheskiy Zhurnal (Russian Pediatric Journal). 2021; 24(5): 328–334. (In Russian). https://doi.org/10.46563/1560-9561-2021-24-5-328-334

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