Gigiena i Sanitariia

1504-004
PROBLEMS OF CONTEMPORARY HYGIENE
Rakitskii V.N.

"Federal Scientific Center for Hygiene named after F.F. Erisman" of the Federal Service for Supervision in Protection of the Rights of Consumer and Man Wellbeing, Mytishchi, Moscow Region, Russian Federation, 141014
Abstract: Hygiene of the XXI century develops in parallel with such fundamental and applied medical and biological disciplines as toxicology, genetics, biochemistry, biophysics, physiology and so on. This science widely applies methods of mentioned sciences for its own purposes. Achievements of the contemporary science have disclosed medical-biological mechanisms of genotoxic impacts. It determines the actuality of studies in the area of the development of methods of anti-mutagenic protection. Necessity of the solution of issues regarding the expediency of the inclusion of medicinal prophylaxis into the system of hygienic prophylactic measures is shown. Main prospective directions of the development of contemporary hygiene have been formulated.
Keywords: гигиена, токсикология, генетика, биологическое действие, антимутагенная защита, лекарственная профилактика, метаболизм, качество воды, продовольственная безопасность, оценка риска здоровью, инновационные технологии, пестициды, hygiene, toxicology, genetics, biological effect, anti-mutagenic protection, medicinal prophylaxis, metabolism, water quality, food safety, health risk assessment, innovation technologies, pesticides

1504-008
HYGIENE PROBLEMS OF ORGANIZATION OF EDUCATION IN PROFILE CLASSES IN COLLEGES
Kuchma V.R., Shubochkina Evgeniya I., Ibragimova E.M.

Scientific Centre of Child Healthcare, Moscow, Russian Federation, 119991
Abstract: Studies performed in profile 9 classes in the colleges showed that the organization of such training requires hygienic optimization of the volume of training load, mode of teaching and psychological and educational support for students for the adaptation to the new conditions of learning. There are shown risks of deterioration of indices of the state of health and quality of life of students with unformed professional selfdetermination. Profile classes in colleges can become an effective form of vocational guidance on working trades during the implementation of the corresponding pre-vocational guidance at the stage of school education and training in the college for the revealing interests and aptitudes of adolescents young people.
Keywords: подростки, профильные классы, профессиональная ориентация, самочувствие, качество жизни, adolescents, profile classes, vocational guidance, well-being, quality of life

1504-011
STUDY OF THE IMPACT OF ATMOSPHERIC POLLUTANTS ON MORBIDITY IN PREGNANCY IN THE BELGOROD REGION
Verzilina I.N., Churnosov M.I., Evdokimov V.I.

Belgorod State National Research University, Russian Federation, Belgorod, 308014
Abstract: The performed study demonstrates a significant influence of pollutants of the air pool on the health of pregnant women in the Belgorod region. In areas with a high morbidity rate in pregnancy emissions of pollutants were found to be 3,25-995 times higher than in areas with low morbidity rate. The range of the variability of exceedances depends on the grouping of emissions, emissions of solid and gaseous pollutants, total emissions of pollutants, as well on substances - carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxide, sulfur dioxide, benzene, ammonia, xylene, acetone, toluene, manganese, fluorine, vanadium pentoxide, calcium oxide, hydrogen chloride, sulfuric acid, carbon black, hydrogen sulfide, chlorine, methane, phenol, butyl acetate, ethyl acetate, formaldehyde, inorganic dust, acrolein, cement dust production. Out of 27 considered atmospheric pollutants with an increase in emissions of 13 substances (48.15%), the morbidity rate in pregnancy increases (with 8 significant correlations (the highest number) were obtained for the overall morbidity rate in pregnancy). The most high relative environmental risk for the occurrence of pathological conditions in pregnant women (six in total) in the Belgorod region in the conditions of elevated anthropogenic (pollutant) load was established to be increased by 16 (59,25%) considered air pollutants. The greatest environmental risk in high anthropogenic load of atmospheric pollutants was established for the thyroid dysfunction (OR = 1,51-2,32), circulatory diseases (RR = 1,29-1,45), edema, proteinuria and hypertensive disorders (RR = 1,17-1,44). Emissions of methane, ammonia, and sulfuric acid to the atmosphere is determined to increase the risk of five pathological conditions in pregnancy: thyroid dysfunction, diseases of the circulatory system, diseases of the urinary organs, edema, proteinuria and hypertensive disorders, anemia.
Keywords: атмосферные поллютанты, корреляционный анализ, относительный экологический риск, atmospheric pollutants, correlation analysis, the relative environmental risk

1504-014
ASSESSMENT OF THE IMPACT OF AIR POLLUTION ON POPULATION MORBIDITY RATE IN THE VLADIMIR REGION
Trifonova T.A., Martsev A.A.

Vladimir State University named after brothers Aleksandr and Nikolay Stoletovs, Vladimir, Russian Federation, 600000
Abstract: In the work there was performed the analysis of the morbidity rate of the population of the Vladimir region. Three age groups: (children up to 14 years, teenagers of 15-17 years, adults older 18 years) were examined on 17 classes of diseases of the WHO classification (ICD-10) both in a whole area, and in the each district separately. With the aid of the methods of mathematical statistics there were revealed statistically significant relationships between the emission ofpollutants into the ambient air and morbidity rate of the population on certain classes of diseases in the whole in the area and on the each district separately. The cumulative effect of air pollution was shown to manifest in the child population in the form of the increasing neoplasm with a time delay of about three years.
Keywords: заболеваемость населения, выбросы, загрязнение, Владимирская область, population morbidity rate, emissions, pollution, Vladimir region

1504-018
IRRADIATION LEVELS FOR PRESCHOOL CHILDREN DUE TO INDOOR RADON
Pavlenko T.A., Kostenetskiy M.I., Kutsak A.V., Sevalnev A.I., Aksenov N.V., Frizyuk M.A.

The Marzeev Institute of Hygiene and Medical Ecology, Kiev, Ukraine, 02660; Zaporizhzhya Regional Laboratory Center of the State epidemiological station of Ukraine, Zaporozhye, Ukraine, 69037; Zaporozhye State Medical University, Zaporozhye, Ukraine, 69035
Abstract: The article is devoted to the study of e levels of radon-222 in the indoor air of homes and children’s preschool institutions. Measurements of radon-222 were performed by means of passive track radonometry. In total there were examined 693 residential buildings and 221 children’s preschool institution. The geometric mean value of the equivalent equilibrium volume activity (EEVA) of radon-222 in a residential area was established to be 46 Bq*w . Geometric mean radon EEVA-222 in the indoor air of children’spreschool institutions was 185 Bq*w . Considerable variability in radon levels has been established. The analysis of the measurements allowed us to determine the range ofpossible effective doses of irradiation of children due to radon-222, which is estimated by values from 4,3 mSv*yr to 9,7 mSv*yr . In this case, the average annual dose of irradiation in children’s preschool institutions was 3,6 mSv*yr , and in residential areas - 2,8 mSv*yr . Based on the results of the performed work, the State Sanitary and Epidemiological Service of the Zaporozhye region has developed a set of antiradon measures aimed at the reduction of radon-222 content in children’s preschool institutions.
Keywords: радон-222, дозы облучения, дети дошкольного возраста, Radon-222, irradiation dose, preschool children

1504-021
HYGIENIC EVALUATION OF THE DELIVERY OF PHYSIOLOGICALLY WHOLESOME DRINKING WATER TO THE POPULATION OF ST. PETERSBURG
Yakubova I.Sh., Mel’tser A.V., Erastova N.V., Bazilevskaya E.M.

North-Western State Medical University named after I.I. Mechnikov, Saint-Petersburg, Russian Federation, 191015
Abstract: In the paper there is given the hygienic assessment of the delivery ofphysiologically wholesome drinking water to the population of St. Petersburg. There was performed the analysis of the main aspects of the delivery to St. Petersburg ofpathogen-free drinking water for the development of measures contributing to the improvement of the population health. There was carried out a comparative evaluation of the chemical composition of drinking water of centralized water supply source and the elemental composition of hair in 1158 St. Petersburg residents aged from birth to 83 years, there was made a survey of 486 residents of St. Petersburg. There was established the significant direct correlationship between low calcium, magnesium and selenium values in hair and an average concentration of these elements in drinking water. There is done a characteristic of the quality and quantity of consumed tap and bottled drinking water by townspeople. The tap water in St. Petersburg was established not to be physiologically wholesome due to lack in it of vital chemicals, especially elements actively involved in the process of osteogenesis.
Keywords: питьевая вода, качество питьевой воды, физиологическая полноценность питьевой воды, здоровье населения, водоснабжение, минеральный состав питьевой воды, многоэлементный анализ волос, кальций, бутилированная вода, drinking water, drinking water quality, physiological wholesomeness of drinking water, population health, water supply, mineral composition of drinking water, multielemental analysis of hair, calcium, bottled water

1504-025
MODERN ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY FOR DISINFECTION OF WATER AND WASTEWATER RUNOFFS
Arakcheev Eugene N. , Brunman V.E., Brunman M.V., Volkov A.N., Dyachenko V.A., Kochetkov A.V., Petkova A.P.

Dzerzhinsk Limited Liability Company "Group of Companies "Spetsmash", Dzerzhinsk, Russian Federation, 606000; Peter the Great St.Petersburg Polytechnic University, St.Petersburg , Russian Federation, 195251; Perm National Research Polytechnic University, Perm, Russian Federation, 614990
Abstract: There are considered tasks of the disinfection of drinking water and waste water with the help of the integrated computer-aided electrolysis unit, there was shown its environmental and energy efficiency. There are given feasibilities to parameters of the technological process for anolyte generation with membrane electrolysis of sodium chloride solution for disinfection of water in public water supply pipelines and sodium ferrate by virtue of electrochemical dissolution of iron anode in alkaline NaOH solution for the use in wastewater treatment plants. There are considered principles of operation and design solutions for modules of Integrated Economic Analysis (IEA) for the production of anolyte and ferrate and practical possibilities of their automation.
Keywords: обеззараживание воды и стоков, перспективная технология, мембранный электролиз, расход электроэнергии, экологическая безопасность, энергоэффективность, адаптивное управление, disinfection of water and wastewater runoffs, promising technology, membrane electrolysis, electric energy consumption, environmental safety, energy efficiency, adaptive management

1504-032
HYGIENIC ESTIMATION OF SUBSOIL WATER FOR PUBLIC DRINKING WATER SUPPLY OF THE CITY OF OREL
Kanatnikova N.V., Egorova N.A., Zakharchenko G.L.

The Centre of Hygiene and Epidemiology in the Orel Region, Оrel, Russian Federation, 302001; A.N. Sysin Research Institute of Human Ecology and Environmental Health, Moscow, Russian Federation, 119121; The Federal Service for Surveillance in the Sphere of Consumer Rights Protection and Human Welfare in the Orel region, Оrel, Russian Federation, 302020
Abstract: The results of hygienic evaluation of the quality of drinking water of the city Orel from underground water sources in the period from 2007 to 2012 are given. The total iron, turbidity and total hardness were established to be main indices for which exceedances of drinking water quality hygienic standards took place. Significant, up to 2 or more orders, fluctuations in the concentrations of iron (0.01-1.2 mg/l) and turbidity (0.058 mg/l) levels under relatively small differences in values of total hardness (6.4-13.6 mg-eqv/l) are noted. Water turbidity on 46-76% was determined by concentrations of total iron. Exceedances in hygienic standards of turbidity in drinking water of the city Orel were not accompanied by violations of water quality for microbiological indicators.
Keywords: питьевая вода из подземных водоисточников, общее железо, мутность, общая жесткость, микробиологические показатели, drinking water from underground water sources, total iron, turbidity, total hardness, microbiological indicators

1504-036
THE STATE OF THE MAIN LIFE SUPPORT SYSTEMS IN MOTORMEN IN DEPENDENCE ON THE CONDITIONS AND FACTORS OF TRAIN OPERATION
Kaptsov V.A., Kuzmin V.A.

All-Russian Research Institute of Railway Hygiene, Moscow, Russian Federation, 125438
Abstract: There was studied the influence of driving on the health offreight electric freight locomen in areas differing in complexity of railway track and equipped with engines of old and new series. There were performed chronometer and psychophysiological studies during 98 voyages. There was established the variable speed of the development offatigue and exertion of adaptation capabilities of the body. The minimum load is experienced by motormen working on new locomotives and simple on complexity railway tracks. When working on a new series of locomotives there is reduced the load on the body when working on complex profiles of the way, but not the strenuous operator activity of the driver. It was found a significant positive impact of improved sanitation and consumer properties of new locomotives.
Keywords: адаптационные возможности, утомление, условия труда, adaptive capabilities, fatigue, working conditions

1504-039
RISK FACTORS OF HEALTH DISORDERS IN RAILWAY SECURITY FORCE WORKERS
Anishchenko E.B., Trankovskaya L.V., Kovalchuk V.K.

Pacific State Medical University, Vladivostok, Russian Federation, 690002
Abstract: To work out measures aimed at the decline in morbidity rate in railway security force workers (RSFW), there was performed complex hygienic assessment of working environment, that allowed to reveal adverse occupational factors: chemical, in-plant noise, general vibration, outdoor microclimate parameters in the cold period of the year, artificial illumination indices and labor-intensive working process. In workers of personnel pool (shots, service canine handlers) there were determined 3 class, level 2-3 hazardous work conditions, in managerial personnel - level 1-2 hazardous work conditions. At the same time, considerably higher of morbidity rate with temporary disability rates (MTD) in shots and service canine handlers have been determined. Occupational conditionality for respiratory organs disorders (class X of ICD - 10) in shots and service canine handlers, circulatory system disorders (class IX ICD - 10) in managerial personnel have been proved. There were established reliable correlation relationships between MTD rates (disorder multiplicity, total average duration of temporary disability of the patient, case average duration of the sickness temporary disability) and potential occupational and non-occupational risk factors for health disorders in employees of the personal pool of security force workers. The specific weight of the impact of identified risk factors for health disorders impact on the MTD level has been established.
Keywords: ведомственная охрана железнодорожного транспорта, условия труда, заболеваемость с временной утратой трудоспособности, факторы риска нарушения здоровья, railway security force workers, working conditions, morbidity with temporary disability rates, risk factors for health disorders

1504-044
IMPACT OF LABOUR ACTIVITY FACTORS ON SODIUM LEVEL IN SALIVA OF FIREFIGHTERS
Kolycheva I.V., Rychagova O.A., Lizarev A.V.

East-Siberian Scientific Centre of Human Ecology Siberian Department, Angarsk, Russian Federation, 665827
Abstract: The working conditions of the fire fighters were found to refer to the 4 (Extreme) Class and correlate to the exposure to the wide spectrum of toxic substances capable to give rise to intoxications or significant alterations in health state in firefighters with the higher emotional exertions and physical loads, as well as the high rate of work and other harmful factors. There were studied features of changes in the response of sodium excretory function of the salivary glands in the firefighters during the process of working activity and in the dependence on the experience working period in extreme conditions. The assessment of the grade of body adaptation in the regime of the working and the rest is given on the base of the analysis of the daily chronorhythm of sodium excretion. There were established relationships between the saliva sodium level in firefighters and the indices of the sympathoadrenal, thyroid and hypophyseal-adrenal systems.
Keywords: пожарные, концентрация натрия в слюне, хроноритм экскреции натрия, firefighters, sodium concentration in saliva

1504-048
EFFECTS OF FE2+ ON THE ADIPOKINE REGULATION AND EXTENT OF OXIDATIVE STRESS
Lebedeva E.N., Krasikov S.I., Borshchuk E.L., Karmanova D.S., Chesnokova L.A., Iskakov A.G.

Orenburg state medical academy, 460000, Orenburg, Russian Federation; West Kazakhstan State Medical University named after Marat Ospanov, Republic of Kazakhstan, 030019
Abstract: There has been studied the impact of low concentrations of iron in drinking water and a diet with a high fat content on the intensity of lipid peroxidation (LPO) and adipokine regulation in the experiment. The diet with high content of saturated fat leads to the appearance of signs of inflammation in adipose tissue, and activation of LPO. Intake of Fe2+ with drinking water in concentration significantly lower than maximum allowable concentrations gives rise to the gain in body weight and epididimal fat only at the young growing animals, at that this process is preceded by the high concentration of leptin, TNF andMDA. Introduction of Fe2+ with drinking water in the same concentration along with a diet with the raised content of saturatedfat isn't followed by the pronounced inflammatory response and an oxidative stress in adult animals unlike the growing animals. The obtained data concerning the interrelationship of an oxidative stress, changes of adipokine regulation, presence of the signs reflecting an inflammation in adipose tissue which are especially manifesting at the young age are very important for the clarification ofpathogenesis of obesity in developmental aspect and demand further studying.
Keywords: железо, окислительный стресс, лептин, ФНОа, малоновый диальдегид, iron, oxidative stress, leptin, TNF-а, malondialdehyde

1504-052
HYGIENIC ASSESSMENT OF POLYCYCLIC AROMATIC HYDROCARBONS CONTENT AND ESTIMATION OF THEIR INTAKE WITH FOOD BY THE POPULATION
Opopol N.I., Syrku R.F., Pynzaru Yu.V., Bogdevich O.P., Kadochnikov O.P.

National Centre of Public Health, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova, 2028; Institute of Geology and Seismology of the Academy of Sciences of Moldova, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova, 2028
Abstract: There was performed the assessment of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) content in food. These contaminants were established to present in all analyzed groups offood products. Benzo(a)pyrene was found in meat, dairy products and milk. The determined pollution levels (from traces concentrations (<0,05 mkg/kg to 0,41mkg/kg) do not exceed the maximum permissible concentrations accepted in the country (5 mkg/kg). In fish and eggs PAH were found substantially in trace concentrations. The highest PAH levels were found in meat products (45,65 mkg/kg). In these products for phenantrene there was recorded the highest concentration - 21,97 mkg/kg. There was made a calculation of daily intake of contaminants for the average statistical consumption offood per capita, as well as according to minimal standards of food included in the food basket of the subsistence minimum. Benzo (a) pyrene intake for men was established to be 0,044 mkg/kg/ day, PAH groups of probably carcinogenic to humans - 0,14 mkg/kg /day, and the total amount of PAHs - 1,51 mkg/kg/day. The intake of studied contaminants in women (5 mkg/kg) was noted to be less than in men.
Keywords: полициклические ароматические углеводороды, бензо(а)пирен, продукты питания, суточное поступление, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH), benzo(a)pyrene, food products, dietary intake

1504-057
INVESTIGATION OF THE IMPACT OF CONDITIONS AND THE ORGANIZATION OF EDUCATION ON THE INDICES OF PERFORMANCE AND HEALTH OF STUDENTS
Minnibaev Talgat Sh., Melnichenko P.I., Prokhorov N.I., Timoshenko K.T., Arkhangelskiy V.I., Goncharova G.A., Mishina S.A., Shashina E.A.

I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University, Moscow, Russian Federation, 119991
Abstract: In the article there are considered the theoretical basis, methodological approaches and results of a comprehensive assessment of the impact of conditions and the organization of education, the intensification of training on performance, functional status and working capability of students. There were determined indices and criteria for assessing the effectiveness of an intensification of training at the Department of General Hygiene of the I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University.
Keywords: условия обучения, здоровье студентов, работоспособность, критерии оценки утомляемости, успешность обучения, инновации в образовании, интенсификация образовательного процесса, learning environment, the health of students, task performance, criteria for assessing fatigue, the success of training, innovations in education, intensification of the education

1504-061
FORMATION OF THE ATTITUDE TO HEALTH CULTURE IN SCHOOLCHILDREN BY MEANS OF THE INTRODUCTION OF MEDICAL AND HYGIENIC PROGRAM INTO THE EDUCATIONAL PROCESS
Soboleva L.G., Sharshakova T.M., Tarasenko A.A.

Gomel Regional Centre of Hygiene, Epidemiology and Public Health, Gomel, Republic of Belarus, 246001; Gomel State Medical University, Gomel, Republic of Belarus, 246000
Abstract: Objective to substantiate the medical and hygienic program on the formation of the attitude to health culture in schoolchildren. Materials and method 752 schoolchildren from secondary school № 59 (480 boys, 272 girls at the age of 6-18 years) took part in the study. For comparative analysis of lifestyle indices of schoolchildren we have defined experimental and control groups. The efficiency of our proposed program was carried out in two stages: a comparison of the measured characteristics in the experimental group before and after the exposure, comparison of the measured characteristics in the control group of students (who did not participate in the program) and in the experimental group of students after the exposure. The accuracy of the revealed differences were proved by virtue of the Fisher's angular transformation criterion. The obtained data indicate that the participation of schoolchildren in the developed by us medical and hygienic program led to the positive changes in their lifestyle that will promote preservation and enhancement of their health. The most efficient and operative part of the developed program was about the changes concerning the following indices: the time spent by students for homework, duration of the stay in the fresh air, the duration of night sleep, diet regimen, implementation of the rules of personal hygiene, psychoactive substances using. Conclusion based on the results of the comparative analysis of the studied characteristics in the control and experimental groups, we can make the conclusion that the identified lifestyle changes of schoolchildren of 1-11 classes were achieved as a result of the program which was developed by us.
Keywords: гигиеническая программа, культура здоровья, образ жизни, hygienic program, health culture, lifestyle

1504-065
AGE DYNAMICS OF MORPHOFUNCTIONAL ALTERATION IN YOUNG EUROPEANS BORN IN MAGADAN REGION
Sukhanova I.V., Maksimov A.L., Vdovenko S.I.

Scientific-Research Center "Arktika", Magadan, Russian Federation, 685000
Abstract: On the base on the study of parameters of physical development, cardiovascular system, external respiration and gas exchange there was performed long-term comparative investigation of the age dynamics of morphofunctional state in 1466 young Europeans domiciling in conditions of Russia’s North-East. It was found that, in the age period of 17-21 there is the decrease of the efficiency of the respiratory system and the fall of the oxygen transport function. It was also revealed that the highest level of the exertion is observed in the work of the circulatory system in examined subjects from the older age group. In the whole it is possible to say about the redistribution of the energy demands of the body from growth process to the delivery of mechanisms, which provide adaptation changes in work ofphysiological systems.
Keywords: северо-восток России, юноши, морфофункциональные показатели, адаптация, Russia's North-East, adolescents, morphofunctional parameters, adaptation

1504-070
REGIONAL FEATURES OF THE MORBIDITY RATE IN ADOLESCENTS IN THE REPUBLIC OF TATARSTAN
Valeeva E.R., Stepanova N.V., Makhmutova E.R.

Kazan (Volga Region) Federal University, Kazan, Russian Federation, 420008
Abstract: The retrospective analysis of the prevalence of certain pathological types in major classes of diseases in adolescents aged 15-17 years in the Kazan and the Republic of Tatarstan for the period of 2009-2012 was performed according to the data of statistical records correspondingly to the form No.12. Data of the study indicate to the high morbidity rates and deterioration of health in adolescents aged 15-17 during the mentioned years. The highest morbidity rates noted in classes of diseases of the respiratory, digestive, genitourinary, endocrine systems, diseases of the eye and its adnexa and injuries; account for 81,2-85,2% of the total morbidity rate. Only 8.6% of adolescents are referred to the "1-st health group".
Keywords: подростки, классы болезней, первичной заболеваемости, распространенность, adolescents, disease classes, incidence, prevalence

1504-073
HYGIENIC SUBSTANTIATION OF APPLICATION OF POTASSIUM SALTS FOR THE OPTIMIZATION OF THE PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS
Barannikov V.G., Kirichenko L.V., Sidorova D.A.

Perm State Academy of Medicine named after E.A. Vagner, Perm, Russian Federation, 614000
Abstract: To justify the possible use of sylvinite classroom in the educational process there was performed physiological-hygienic research. Its internal environment, formed by the physicochemical properties of the mineral sylvinite, has a positive influence on the functional state of the nervous, cardiovascular, respiratory systems, optimizes the performance capability of the students.
Keywords: калийные соли, сильвинитовая аудитория, гигиенические и физиологические исследования, умственная работоспособность, potassium salts, sylvinite auditorium, hygienic and physiological investigations, mental performance

1504-077
HISTORY OF THE ERECTION OF THE FIRST IN RUSSIA OREKHOVO-ZUEVSKAYA SANITARY-EPIDEMIOLOGICAL STATION (CITY AND DISTRICT)
Sergeev M.Yu.

Directorate of the Federal Service for Supervision of Consumer Rights protection and Human Welfare in the city of Orekhovo-Zuevo, Elektrogorsk, and Orekhovo-Zuevskiy and Pavlovo-Posadskiy districts, Moscow region, Russian Federation, 142600
Abstract: There is presented the history of the erection of sanitary-epidemiological station as a complex institution of sanitary-epidemiological service. The precedence of the erection of Orekhovo-Zuevskaya sanitary-epidemiological station in Russian Federation is substantiated
Keywords: санитарно-эпидемиологическая станция, история образования санитарно-профилактических учреждений, первая СЭС в Российской Федерации, erection of sanitary-epidemiological station, the first SES in the Russian Federation