Hygiene and Sanitation №3 2008

Proskuryakova L. A.

Hygienic assessment of students’ nutrition and health

A randomized study of lifestyle, quality of life, and the degree of depression was carried out in 399 Novokuznetsk high-school students (219 young men and 180 young women). Daily dietary pattern and eating behavior were studied in the students experiencing the highest psychoemotional stress caused by their adjustment to a new behavioral stereotype at higher school. Varying depression was observed in 16.5% of the students. The findings suggest the students’ poor awareness of healthy lifestyle; however, 70.5% regarded their life as satisfactory. The students’ diets characterized by the low levels of essential nutrients may diminish the body’s adaptive abilities and provoke the development of various abnormalities. Eating behavioral disorders were observed in 21.5% of the respondents. Correlation analysis showed that the higher level of depression in young males, the more pronounced emotional eating behavioral disorders are (r = 0.31; p m 0.05). Such a correlation was not detected in young females. The higher degree of depression was found to affect the students’ life quality (r = -0.37; p m 0.05). The study has provided a municipal special program "Health and Education" for 2007-2011, which will make it possible to carry out among students a regional policy aimed at popularizing the principles of healthy lifestyle, forming proper dietary habits and mechanisms of optimal behavioral models and their introduction.