Hygiene and Sanitation №5 2008

Tarmayeva I. Yu.

Trace element imbalance in the organized pediatric collective bodies

Atomic emission spectrometry using inductively coupled argon plasma and mass spectrometry with inductively coupled argon plasma were employed to analyze the elemental composition of the hair of the children living in Ulan-Ude and going to preschool institutions. The children and adolescents were shown to be at high risk for deficiencies of a number of essential chemical elements: cobalt, copper, iodine, manganese, and silicon. The preschool children were also at high risk for zinc deficiency. The children going to kindergartens had abundant hair accumulation of sodium, potassium, and calcium, which suggests the high risk of electrolytic metabolic disturbances. They were also at moderate risk for hyperphosphorosis and hyperboronosis.