|Hygiene and Sanitation №2 2009
Baranov A. A., Kuchma V. R.
History of the foundation and activities of the Research Institute for the Hygiene and Health Care of Children and Adolescents, Research Center of Children’s Health
The paper presents data on the history of foundation of the Research Institute for the Hygiene and Health Care of Children and Adolescents. The Institute is reported to have established to study the influence of factors of the vital activity environment and the health status and capability of children and adolescents, and the development, on this basis, of measures aimed at maintaining and promoting the health status of the rising generation. The Institute is the only research establishment of this profile in the Russian Federation, the leading scientific institution on this problem. Since 2000, the Institute has been the national center for supporting the European network of health promotion schools. By taking into account the tasks posed by hygienic science and practical health care, the Institute has developed a research concept stemming from the peculiarities of the body at each stage of development and, in this connection, hygienic standards and regulations in terms of the sex, age, health status, and achieved development of a child. The paper lists research areas, teaching points of cardinal problems of childhood hygiene, such as adaptation, hygienic rationing. The Institute took part in the development of hygienic standards, a new basic school-based educational program, and the Law on State Educational Standard. Research developments obtained from the Institute’s multidimensional studies are outlined. The specialists of the Institute are actively involved in the activity of international medical associations.
Key Words: Research Institute for the Hygiene and Health Care of Children and Adolescents, history of foundation, childhood hygiene