|Hygiene and Sanitation №2 2009
Goncharova G. A., Nadezhdin D. S.
of sociopsychological adaptation of schoolchildren and vocational school
The purpose of this study was to comparatively analyze the influence of
family factors on social and psychological adaptation and achievement
motivation in pupils from general education schools and in their coevals
from vocational educational schools (VES).
An experimental study was conducted in 10th-form pupils from a number of
Moscow schools and persons of the same age who were one-year course pupils
from a Moscow VES. A total of 242 pupils, including 130 schoolchildren and
112 one-year course pupils from the VES, were examined. The social and
psychological adaptation questionnaire developed by K. Rodgers and R.
Diamond was used to estimate achievement motivation by the Mehrabian test.
The performed study confirmed the negative impact of poor family relations
on pupils’ sociological and psychological adaptation independently of the
type of a general educational establishment. The high maternal educational
level had a good effect on the adaptability of schoolchildren, that of boys
in particular, whereas the paternal educational status is of the same value
to VES pupils. Family relations and maternal and paternal education levels
significantly affect the formation of achievement motive in pupils and their
social and psychological adaptation as a whole.
Key Words: pupils from general education schools and
vocational educational schools, sociopsychological adaptation, achievement
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