Hygiene and Sanitation №2 2009

Stepanova M. I., Sazanyuk Z. I., Voronova B. Z., Aleksandrova I. E., Berezina N. O., Laponova Ye. D., Lashneva I. P., Polenova M. A., Sedova A. S., Shumkova T. V.

Hygienic requirements for work organization of full-day schools

Physiological and hygienic studies under the conditions of a natural hygienic experiment were conducted to examine different variants of the organization of work of new types of general educational establishments - full-day schools. Over 580 pupils from 5 full-day schools were followed up. Organization of teaching children at full-day schools was found to mainly correspond to the age-related capabilities of pupils from primary and secondary classes. Of vital importance for maintenance of mental performance, good emotional and psychosomatic states are the organization of the intraschool environment, including a school plot, as well as the conditions for realization of additional education, motor activity of children, and recess. Health keeping in pupils from full-day schools is favored by the reduction in the duration of lessons to 35 minutes and day sleep for first-form children, the decrease in the number of pupils in a class, outdoor physical exercises in the middle of a school day (a primary school) and strolls after lessons, three meals a day, balanced additional education, medicopsychological accompaniment, optimization of studies and rest in children during a school year.

Key Words: full-day schools, physiological and hygienic studies

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