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Incidence, predisposing risk factors for the development and spreading of acute intestinal infections in the north-eastern region of Ukraine


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Abstract

Using data of the branch statistical reporting of the State Sanitary and Epidemiological Service in Sumy region and Sumy Regional State Laboratory of Veterinary Medicine, the incidence rate, modern risk factors for the development and spreading of acute infectious diarrheas were determined in the North-Eastern region of Ukraine. Under the current conditions incidence rate indices of acute intestinal infections and food toxicoinfections are within the range of 159.8-193.6 per 100 thousands. pop. Seasonal and epidemical rises are associated with a species of the agent. In the etiological structure of acute diarrheal infections there are dominated viruses, of food toxicoinfections - Klebsiellae pneumoniae, Staphylococcus aureus and Enterobacter cloacae (p<0.05). Predictors of the complication of epidemiological situation of Shigella infections are the gain in the detection of bacterially contaminated samples of milk and dairy products (r=0.75), for food toxicoinfections caused by Klebsiellae pneumoniae and Enterobacter cloacae - pastry with cream and cooking meat products (r=0.64; r=0.75). Epizootic situation in the region affects on the salmonellosis incidence rate of the population (r=0.89).There were revealed correlations between the selection of E. coli bacteriafrom swabs taken from the enterprises of catering, in child care centers and the levels of incidence rates of salmonellosis, acute intestinal infections of unknown etiology (r=0.59; r=0.60). Timely detection and sanitation of Shigella carriers are a powerful instrument to reduce the incidence rate of shigellosis (r =0.83).


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