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SCIENTIFIC, ORGANIZATIONAL AND METHODOLOGICAL APPROACHES TO THE FORMATION AND IMPLEMENTATION OF PROGRAMS TO COUNTER THE ADVERSE EFFECTS OF GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGES ON THE POPULATION HEALTH OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION


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Abstract

Introduction. The article presents scientific and organizational-methodical approaches to the formation and implementation of programs to counter the adverse effects of global climate change on the population health of Russia. According to the results of the study of the relationship between the number of exacerbations of chronic diseases of the circulatory system and the observed meteorological and geomagnetic parameters, the need to develop methods for the determination of the physiological mechanisms of meteorological factors, as well as assessing the individual risks of their influence followed by the use of corrective programs, is shown. Material and Methods. There are presented results of the survey of 168 patients with circulatory system diseases receiving sanatorium-resort treatment. Results. The data obtained showed in most cases (76.8%, 129 people), weather dependence to be manifested in the form of a general deterioration in the well-being of patients. During the physiological examination, the most frequent signs of meteosensitivity were: increased blood pressure - 67.8% (114 people), headache - 41.6% (70 people), sleep disturbance - 47% (79 people), joint pain and muscles - 43.4% (73 people). Discussion. The obtained data allowed us to confirm the prospect of creating a mathematical model for the development of increased meteosensitivity in response to the impact of adverse meteorological factors with the subsequent formation of recommendations for its use in personalized programs of sanatorium-resort treatment of meteo-dependent diseases. Conclusion. The results of the study confirm the need to develop a concept for the development of the scientific direction “environmental medicine”.


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