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A NEW APPROACH TO THE ANALYSIS OF THE INFLUENCE OF WEATHER CONDITIONS ON THE HUMAN ORGANISM


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Abstract

Despite the long history of studying the influence of meteo- and heliogeophysical factors on the human body, the mechanisms of this influence remain unclear. The inability to influence weather conditions makes it necessary to develop new, experimental approaches to such research. To analyze the effect of the ambient air temperature, atmospheric pressure, moisture and other meteorological indices on the human body, and to identify the mechanisms of such impact, there is proposed a new approach using an appropriate experimental stand (weather experimental stand). The basis of such stand can be composed of a climatic chamber, the technical characteristics of which allow carrying out research with human participation. In such studies, various physiological and biochemical indices can be monitored, as well as psychological tests can be administered. Such studies are of particular relevance in relation to the intensive development of the Arctic since in high latitudes the influence of heliogeophysical and meteorological factors is very pronounced. The climate of the Arctic is characterized by a combination of significant temperature fluctuations, atmospheric pressure, low absolute and high relative humidity, strong winds, significant changes in the geomagnetic field and atmospheric electricity, a pronounced deficit of UV radiation and light aperiodicity. Features of the natural conditions of the North, apparently, cause a high incidence of the diseases of the circulatory and respiratory system in the alien population (in comparison with the indigenous one). In addition, the article draws attention to the fact that the only weather factor, whose mechanisms of influence are sufficiently well studied, is the change in ambient air temperature, and these mechanisms were studied through research done under experimental conditions.


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