PERSPECTIVES OF RESEARCH OF THE IMPACT OF METEOROLOGICAL AND GEOMAGNETIC PARAMETERS ON THE INCIDENCE AND MORTALITY OF THE POPULATION
Introduction. Adverse weather conditions are one of the reasons for the development of exacerbations of circulatory system diseases. The consequences of extreme atmospheric conditions clearly demonstrate the summer of 2010 in the central part of Russia, when prolonged high temperatures and a sharp deterioration in the quality of the air environment had a strong impact on the life and health of the population, and also led to huge human and economic losses. Material and methods. The article presents an analysis of data on the calls of the ambulance to patients with diseases of the circulatory system in the city of Yaroslavl in 2014-2017 in relation to observed values of meteorological and geomagnetic parameters. The results of the processing of archival data at the Clinic of Scientific Medicine in Milan (Italy) are also summarized. Results. A correlation was found between the growth in the number of requests for emergency medical care on the occasion of exacerbation of circulatory system diseases (rhythm disorder, arterial hypertension, heart failure) and the temperature of the environment in July. Ruptures of a cerebral aneurysm were also shown to be seasonal: 42% of the ruptures occurred in the spring, 38% of the ruptures in the autumn and 20% in the rest of the year (p <0.05 by the criterion χ², if compared to the “spring” and “autumn” indices). Discussion. The results obtained indicate to the dependence of the number of exacerbations on weather conditions. Conclusion. The presented data allowed us to confirm the prospect of creating a mathematical model for the development of complications of circulatory system diseases in response to adverse meteorological factors, as well as the subsequent formation of recommendations for its use in personalized programs of sanatorium-resort treatment of meteo-dependent diseases.
About the authorsBobrovnitskii Igor P.
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