THE DYNAMICS OF THE RISK OF THE MORBIDITY AND THE ADAPTATION PROCESS AS INDICES OF THE IMPACT OF LOCAL ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS ON THE POPULATION
There were studied: The role of the disease dynamics at the background area in the formation of the risk for childhood morbidity in the study area; the value of indices of the long-term wavelike risk dynamics and the corresponding adaptation process for the identification and classification of mass non-infectious diseases. The waviness dynamics of the children morbidity risk is caused by the wave-like nature of the disease dynamics in the study and background areas. The disease risk level is formed not only by differences in the incidence rates of the background and study areas but also from differences in phases of high and low non-specific resistance of children contingent in these territories. The different character of the dynamics of the risk for the disease and related waviness of the adaptation process among children reflects the existence of differences in exposure to characteristics of local environmental factors in each territory. The average risk of disease, around which there are carried out annual fluctuations risks and phase states of the adaptation process, and the corresponding levels of reactivity and resistance of the body are the result of the absolute magnitude of the impact of local factors on the study area. The average relative risk of the morbidity, around which there are carried out annual fluctuations risks and phase states of the adaptation process is an integral index of the level of mass non-infectious diseases and the degree of severity of the medical and environmental situation, the level of reactivity and work mismatch of the body subsystems of children and the degree of their intensity. This is the measure of the absolute magnitude of the impact of local factors. The waviness to the development of states of high and low resistance is both always an index of antistress activation responses (or non-specifically high resistance state) and relative to the average force of impact factors (for the observed reactivity level). On the basis of the accounting for the level of the risk, there is suggested the classification of infectious diseases, including 1) the background or relatively satisfactory morbidity, 2) mass morbidity with the increased risk, 3) mass incidence of the high-risk, and 4) a mass incidence of the very high risk.
About the authorsPrusakov V.M.
Prusakova Aleksandra V.
The first Global Ministerial Conference on Healthy Lifestyles and Noncommunicable Disease Control (Moscow, 28-29 April 2011) Moscow Declaration. Preamble. Available at: http://www.who.int/nmh/events/global_forum_ncd/documents/moscow_declaration_ru.pdf
Political Declaration of the High-level Meeting of the General Assembly on the Prevention and Control of Noncommunicable Diseases. Available at: http://www.un.org/en/documents/decl_conv/declarations/diseases_politdecl.shtml
WHO. Global action plan for the prevention and control of NCDs 2013-2020. Geneva; 2013. Available at: http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/10665/94384/1/9789241506236_eng.pdf?ua=14
Order of the Government of the Russian Federation. No. 2580-r «On the Strategy for the Development of Medical Science in the Russian Federation for the Period to 2025». Available at: http://www.garant.ru/products/ipo/prime/doc/70192396/ (in Russian)
Stepanova S.I. Biorhythmological Aspects of Adaptation Problems [Bioritmologicheskie aspekty problemy adaptatsii]. Moscow: Nauka; 1986. (in Russian)
Garkavi L.I., Kvakina E.B., Ukolova N.A. Adaptable Reactions and Resistance of the Body [Adaptatsionnye reaktsii i rezistentnost› organizma]. Rostov-na-Donu; 1990. (in Russian)
Garkavi L.I., Kvakina E.B., Kuz›menko T.S. Antistress Reactions and Activation Therapy. Reactions Activation as a Way to Health Through Self-Organization Processes [Antistressornye reaktsii i aktivatsionnaya terapiya. Reaktsii aktivatsii kak put› k zdorov›yu cherez protsessy samoorganizatsii]. Moscow: IMEDIS; 1998. (in Russian)
Prusakov V.M., Prusakova A.V., Zaykova Z.A. Dynamics of morbidity risk in the industrial cities of the Irkutsk region. Gigiena i sanitariya. 2013; 92(5): 63-9. (in Russian)
Prusakov V.M., Prusakova A.V. The dynamics of adaptation processes and morbidity risk, long-term resident in the territory of the industrial citiesGigiena i sanitariya. 2014; 93(5): 79-87. (in Russian)
Prusakov V.M., Prusakova A.V., Prusakov V.L. Adaptation processes in the body and dynamics of disease risk in complex influence of environmental factors on the population. Gigiena i sanitariya. 2015; 94(6): 71-9. (in Russian)
Wolfram|Alpha: Computational Knowledge Engine. Available at: http://www.wolframalpha.com
Lazarev N.V., Lyublina E.I., Rozin M.A. Status of non-specific increase resilience. Patologicheskaya fiziologiya i eksperimental›naya terapiya. 1959; 3(4): 16-21. (in Russian)
Lyublina E. I., Minkina N.A., Rylova M.L. Adaptation to Industrial Poisons as the Phase of Intoxication [Adaptatsiya k promyshlennym yadam kak faza intoksikatsii]. Leningrad: Meditsina; 1971. (in Russian)
Prusakov V.M., Prusakova A.V. Criteria for assessing the health and environmental situation on the basis of the method of sigma deviations. Gigiena i sanitariya. 2013; 92(1): 72-6. (in Russian)
- Refbacks are not listed
Контент доступен под лицензией Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.