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COMPARATIVE EVALUATION OF INDICES OF HEALTH AND LIFESTYLE OF URBAN AND RURAL ELDERLY POPULATION OF THE VORONEZH REGION


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Abstract

Nowadays, the aging of the population is one of the most important social problems, which in many ways changes the economic, industrial and social relations of the modern world. There are five groups of risk factors for aging: the genetic factor, the way of life, work, the environment, the level of medicine. In different countries, in different cities of the same country, the distribution of the share of influence of aging risk factors on the human body is different. Depending on which of the five groups of risk factors are assumed to be a priority in the region under study, this aspect should be addressed by the organizational, medical, financial and preventive activities of the necessary structures of the region. In this paper, an attempt was made to identify the priority group of aging factors of the human body, characteristic of the Voronezh region. In doing so, we carry out a comparative analysis of the priority group of aging factors in the human body, with a distinction between urban and rural populations. The conducted research is especially important for the Voronezh region since it is one of the ten most unfavorable subjects of Russia in terms of demographic aging. So in Voronezh in 2016 the proportion of elderly people (60 years and older) accounts for 17%. In our work, the degree of aging of the population was determined using the method of determining the biological age developed by Voitenko V.P. The essence of the work was to determine the degree of aging of each participant in the study using the Voitenko V.P. method, taking into account his level of health, lifestyle, financial support. All respondents were divided into two groups. The first group includes elderly people who live in the city; the second group was the rural population. In conclusion of the work, a comparative analysis of the two groups was made in terms of the degree of aging of the population, highlighting the priority risk factor characteristic of the Voronezh region.


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