ESTIMATION AND RISK MANAGEMENT IN THE WASTE TREATMENT
In modern conditions, there are unacceptable risks of harm from exposure to hazardous chemical and biological factors for public health and the environment. The complexity and scale of environmental and hygiene problems that directly or indirectly affect the state of the nation’s health require active action on priority strategically important areas. One, of which is the waste management system, which can cope with the growing volumes and species diversity of waste. The components of the public health risk caused by the formation, accumulation, recycling, and disposal of wastes are the factors of the negative complex impact on the environment during inter-environment migration of pollutants. Solid municipal waste landfills are sources of long-term negative environmental impact due to the receipt of a highly toxic filtrate and biogas containing greenhouse gases and toxic substances. The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of chemicals entering the atmospheric air from polygons with an assessment of the health risks. Studies have been conducted for a landfill located near and serving the largest urbanized area in the region. The methodology of risk assessment in accordance with R.126.96.36.1990-04 “Guidelines for the assessment of risk to public health in the impact of chemicals polluting the environment” has been applied. In the course of the study, a list of chemicals entering the atmospheric air during the life cycle and production activities of the landfill was determined based on the evaluation and analytical method. The risk assessment methodology applied in the waste management system allowed calculating of individual carcinogenic and non-carcinogenic risks, as well as hazard indices when exposed to critical organs and systems and to develop further tactics for conducting monitoring in the areas in the zone affected by the test site.
About the authorsStepkin Yu.I.
Gaydukova Ekaterina P.
Potapov A.I., Vinokur I.L., Gil’denskiol’d R.S. Health of the population and the problems of hygienic safety. Moscow.: INFRA-M, 2006: 247-270 (in Russian)
The fundamentals of the state policy in the field of ensuring the chemical and biological security of the Russian Federation for the period until 2025 and for the future (approved by the President of the Russian Federation on November 1, 2013 No. Pr-2573). - Available at: http://www.garant.ru/products/ipo/prime/doc/70423098/#ixzz56RiqpRa8. (in Russian)
Strategy of ecological safety of the Russian Federation for the period up to 2025. - Available at: http://www.mnr.gov.ru/regulatory/detail.php?ID=142854. (in Russian)
The National Security Strategy of the Russian Federation until 2020 (approved by the Presidential Decree May 12, 2009 No. 537). - Available at: http://www.scrf.gov.ru/documents/99.html (in Russian)
Popova A.Yu. Strategic priorities of the Russian Federation in the field of ecology from the perspective of preserving the health of the nation. Zdorov’e naseleniya i sreda obitaniya, 2014; 2 (251): 4-7. (in Russian)
Rusakov N.V. Modern problems of waste management. Zdravoohranenie Ros. Federatsii, 2008; 1: 15-17 (in Russian)
Rusakov N.V., Kryatov I.A., Korotkova G.I., Gumarova ZH.ZH., Starodubov A.G., Karceva N.YU., Goncharuk O.A. Actual problems of waste production and consumption management. Vestnik Ros. akademii medicinskih nauk, 2006; 5: 21-26. (in Russian)
Federal Law of June 24, 1998 No. 89-FZ “On production and consumption wastes” (in Russian)
Rahmanin Yu.A., Rusakov N.V., Samutin N.M. Waste - as an integral ecological and hygienic criterion of complex impact on the environment and public health. Gigiena i sanitariya. 2015; 94(6): 5-10. (in Russian)
Rusakov N.V., Korotkova G.I., Orlov A.Yu. Ecological and hygienic criteria for waste management. Metody ocenki sootvetstviya, 2009; 11: 29-30 (in Russian)
Decree of the President of the Russian Federation on national goals and strategic tasks for the development of the Russian Federation for the period until 2024. Available at: http://static.kremlin.ru/media/acts/files/0001201805070038.pdf. (in Russian)
Strategy of development of the industry for processing, utilization and neutralization of production and consumption wastes for the period up to 2030. Available at: http://static.government.ru/media/files/y8PMkQGZLfbY7jhn6QMruaKoferAowzJ.pdf. (in Russian)
The State Program of the Russian Federation “Environmental Protection” for 2012-2020. Available at: http://static.government.ru/media/files/bm4hTSiRMz9APcEVpCf7z93QaWb284An.pdf. (in Russian)
Passport of the Federal Target Program «Elimination of accumulated environmental damage” for 2014-2025. Available at: http://biotech2030.ru/wp-content/uploads/2015/03/The FTP -Liquidation-an accumulated -ecological-damage-on-2014-2025.pdf. (in Russian)
UN HABITAT 2010 Solid Waste Management in the World’s Cities. - Available at:https://www.sswm.info/sites/default/files/reference_attachments/UN%20HABITAT%202010%20Solid%20Waste%20Management%20in%20the%20Worlds%20Cities.pdf
Mahdi Ikhlayel Indicators for establishing and assessing waste management systems in developing countries: A holistic approach to sustainability and business opportunities. Business Strategy & Development, 2018; Available at: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/epdf/10.1002/bsd2.7
UNEP: Year Book - Emerging issues in our global environment, 2013. Available at: http://staging.unep.org/pdf/uyb_2013_new.pdf
State report on the state and protection of the environment in the Russian Federation in 2015. Available at: http://www.mnr.gov.ru/gosdoklad-eco-2015/waste.html. (in Russian)
Z. Yang, X. Zhou, L. Xu. Eco-efficiency optimization for municipal solid waste management. J. Clean. Prod., 104; 2015: 242-249
Waste management: new terminology and new concepts. «Spravochnik ehkologa». №2. 2015. Available at: https://www.profiz.ru/eco/2_2015/458-FZ/ (in Russian)
The strategy of the development of medical science in the Russian Federation until 2025, approved. Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation of December 28, 2012 No. 2580-r. Available at: https://www.rosminzdrav.ru/documents/5413-rasporyazhenie-pravitelstva-rossiyskoy-federatsii-ot-28-dekabrya-2012-g-n-2580-r. (in Russian)
Onishchenko G.G Actual problems of ensuring the sanitary-epidemiological well-being of the Russian Federation. Zdravoohranenie Ros. Federatsii, 2009; 2: 7-12. (in Russian)
Onishchenko G.G., Popova A.YU., Zajceva N.V., Maj I.V., SHur P.Z. Analysis of the health risk in the tasks of improving sanitary and epidemiological surveillance in the Russian Federation. Analiz riska zdorov’yu, 2014; 2: 4-13. (in Russian)
Onishchenko G.G. Sanitary-epidemiological problems of handling wastes of production and consumption in the Russian Federation. Gigiena i sanitariya, 2009; 3: 8-15. (in Russian)
Latyshevskaya N.I., Bobunova G.A. Assessment of the impact of the solid domestic waste landfill on atmospheric pollution Proceedings of the all-Russian scientific conference with international participation “Socio-medical aspects of the ecological state of the Central Economic Region of Russia”. Tver’, 2007: 375-376. (in Russian)
Ying-Chu Chen Evaluating greenhouse gas emissions and energy recovery from municipal and industrial solid waste using waste-to-energy technology. Journal of Cleaner Production, 192; 2018: 262-269.
Gumarova Zh.Zh., Rusakov N.V. On the sanitary and epidemiological hazard of solid domestic wastes. Gigiena i sanitariya. 2006; 1: 64-65. (in Russian)
Saet Yu.E., Revich B.A., Yanin E.P. i dr. Geochemistry of the environment. Moscow; 1990: 335. (in Russian)
H. Tian et al. Atmospheric pollution problems and control proposals associated with solid waste management in China: a review. J. Hazard. Mater., 252-253; 2013: 142-154
Guidance on the assessment of public health risks from exposure to chemicals that pollute the environment (P 188.8.131.520 - 04). Moscow: Federal Center for State Sanitary Epidemiological Supervision of the Ministry of Health of Russia, 2004: 143. (in Russian)
The Agency for Registration of Toxic Substances and Diseases (Priority List of Hazardous Substances, ATSDR, 2015), [electronic resource] - www.atsdr.cdc.gov.
- Refbacks are not listed
Контент доступен под лицензией Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.