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ASSESSMENT OF THE INTENSITY OF EDUCATIONAL WORK AND ADAPTATION POTENTIAL OF CHILDREN IN SCHOOLS OF TRADITIONAL AND PROFILE TYPES


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Abstract

Introduction. Changes in the education system have an impact on the health of schoolchildren. Purpose. To study the dependence of the adaptive capacity of schoolchildren studying in schools of various types on the intensity of educational work. Material and methods. The adaptive abilities of the organism of children (aged 7-17 years) were studied in conditions of different intensity of the educational process. There were surveyed 472 cases from traditional schools, 482 people - from specialized schools. We evaluated the statistical significance of the differences in quantitative (Student t-test) and qualitative traits (χ2). The relationship was studied using the Spearman correlation coefficient. Results. The intensity of educational work accounted for 3.6-3.8 points in 52 ± 2.4% of students in specialized type; 1.6-3.5 - in traditional schools. Intellectual loading is the most sensitive index when training in programs with a specialized study of subjects. The adaptive potential of students of specialized schools in a state of functional stress in the lower grades is found by 1.8 times (p < 0.002), on average - 2.2 times (p < 0.001), more often than in traditional schools. However, the proportion of children with functional stress in the upper grades does not differ (22-27%). A high direct correlation was found between the values of the adaptive potential and intellectual loads. Conclusion. Criteria for learning loads requiring a review of their volume in the curriculum of specialized schools are identified. The negative impact of school loads on the adaptive capabilities of a growing organism has been proven.


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