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A DIFFERENTIATED APPROACH TO HYGIENIC INDICES IN EVALUATING THE ACTIVITY OF RADIATION FACILITIES


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Abstract

Policy management of institutes and business organizations’ activity, dealing with radiation sources, has more of a bulky and confusing complex of requirements at the present day. The requirements being very substantial, slow down economic growth of entire branches in the field of the beneficial use of radiation technologies, and, at the same time, do not provide the condition of radiation safety. Prime Minister Dmitriy Medvedev, without any coincidence, pointed out the problem during a plenary meeting as an overpressure of regulatory and supervisory bodies on the Russian private sector. According to him, the task can be solved with ‘a regulatory guillotine’. The upcoming article resembles the first attempt to analyze and sort reasons and factors, providing a glimpse of the current situation, search key elements that cause negative influence in the field taken. On the ground of analysis of regulatory documents, vast survey experience and estimation of radiation objects and technologies, authors suggest a new complex of requirements to provide radiation security, their breakdown of classes depending on danger level of radiation objects and operating with sources of ionizing radiation. The article presents the analysis of current regulatory documents on radiation hygiene field and radiation security, retrospective view on valid documents, the expertise of activity of regulatory and supervisory bodies as part of licensing of the activity with man-made sources of ionizing radiation.


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