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HYGIENIC ANALYSIS OF POTENTIAL RISKS OF HEALTH HARM IN THE IMPLEMENTATION OF AIRPORT COMPLEXES ACTIVITY


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Abstract

Introduction. The noise impact on human health continues to grow under the conditions of dense development of residential areas. Therefore it is necessary to forecast and identify priority activities and areas requiring special attention when conducting control and supervisory measures on the sanitary and epidemiological well-being of the population. Material and methods. The economic activity of airport complexes was assessed according to the potential risk to health. Also, spatial and structural distributions of potential risks were estimated. Health risk assessment in the zone of influence of airport complexes was carried out according to Guidelines 2.1.10.1920-04 and 2.1.00.0059-12. Results. The activity of airborne complexes, classified as “Air Transport Activity” category 1 by the potential risk of harm (R1 = 6.97 ∙ 10-3, the scale of the impact is more than 155 thousand people) and located in close proximity to residential development, is shown to representatively confirm the results of the assessment of the potential risk of harm to health. The activity of the analyzed economic entity forms non-normative quality of atmospheric air (up to 1.87 maximum one-time MPC., Up to 4.0 daily average (da) MACda, noise exposure exceedances - up to 90 dB at maximum and up to 66.6 dB at equivalent levels) carcinogenic risk (TCR up to 3.39E-04) and non-carcinogenic risk (up to 3.1 HQac, up to 43.5 HQcr, up to 5.13 HIac, up to 47.3 HIcr). The priority risk factors are benzene, formaldehyde, manganese and its compounds, copper oxide, hydrogen chloride, suspended solids, etc. The external average acoustic exposure forms high levels of risk at the age of 47 years of life (and older), moderate levels by the age of 15 years (and older). Conclusion. The current situation requires the development and implementation of a set of operational and planned measures of sanitary and hygienic, legal, technological, organizational, medical and preventive nature.


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