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PREVALENCE OF CARDIOVASCULAR PATHOLOGY IN WORKERS OF THE ALUMINUM INDUSTRY


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Abstract

Introduction. The leading place in the Russian Federation and in the world is occupied by cardiovascular diseases (ischemic heart disease, hypertension, and peripheral vascular diseases), which are the main cause of disability and death worldwide. The aim of the research was to study the prevalence of cardiovascular pathology in workers of the aluminum industry. Material and methods. We examined 66 workers of the aluminum facility without occupational pathology and 135 employees who never worked in adverse working conditions (the control group). All the examined subjects were men; the average age accounted for 52.08±0.4 years. Results. The study showed the workers of the aluminum facility to develop such diseases of the cardiovascular system as arterial hypertension, atherosclerosis with lesions of peripheral and extracranial arteries, as well as multifocal atherosclerosis more often than in those who do not work in adverse working conditions (the control group). Conclusion. The unfavorable occupational factors of aluminum industry are an additional risk factor for the development of cardiovascular pathology.


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