IDENTIFICATION OF EMISSION SOURCES OF POLLUTANTS CAUSING COMPLAINTS OF UNPLEASANT ODOURS
Introduction. One of the main reasons for the complaints of the population about the poor air quality is an unpleasant odor. The purpose of this study was to determine the sources of emissions into the air of harmful pollutants with an olfactory effect on the basis of a comprehensive analysis of official materials: complaints of the population, data on weather conditions, the results of the determination of pollutants at automatic stations, urban situation, data on atmospheric emissions of pollutants of the main enterprises and calculations of their dispersion. Material and Methods. The database included a map materials, 2171 meteorological data, 576 complaints, more than 100 thousand data about air pollution, information about the emission sources of pollutants and their dispersion for 13 industrial enterprises. The principles of geostatistical analysis, (inverse) weighted distance method, time-series study were used to process the data. Results. As a result of the time-series analysis of complaints about the presence of odors in the air, taking into account the recorded wind directions, there were determined areas of the alleged location of sources of emissions of pollutants with olfactory effect. They were the territories located mainly to the South, North-West, and North (smell of hydrogen sulfide), to the West and South (chemical smell) of the residential zone. The time- series analysis of hydrogen sulfide concentrations and recorded wind directions showed that possible emission sources are located to the South of the residential zone. Assessment of the composition and volume of emissions of pollutants of enterprises and calculation of their dispersion made it possible to establish the main source of release of pollutants with the smell of hydrogen sulfide to be the landfill of municipal solid waste. For the chemical smell, both other substances and directions of the sources can be defined approximately. Conclusion. The proposed approaches allow determining the areas of the location of the sources of emissions of harmful pollutants with olfactory effect into the air, and in some cases, the priority enterprise.
About the authorsKarelin Aleksandr O.
Pinigin M.A., Budarina O.V., Safiulin А.А. The development of hygienic bases of odour regulation and control in atmospheric air and the ways of its harmonization in atmospheric air. Gigiena i sanitariya [Hygiene and Sanitation, Russian journal]. 2012; 5: 72-5. (in Russian)
Sedusova E.V., Klein S.V., Mai I.V., Nikiforova N.V. Practice and prospects of evidence in pre-trial and judicial proceedings of harm to human health caused by atmospheric and indoor air pollution. Analiz riska Zdorov’yu. 2015; 4: 13-20. (inRussian)
Brancher M., Griffiths K.D., Franco D., de Melo Lisboa H. A review of odour impact criteria in selected countries around the world. Chemosphere. 2017; 168: 1531-1570. Doi: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2016.11.160.
Karelin А.О. Hygienic bases of public health protection in connection with the effect of aerogenic chemical loads in areas with developed pulp and paper industry. Abstract of Diss. Doctor of Medical sciences. L, 1989. (in Russian)
Yatsenko-Khmelevskaya M.A., Tsibul’skii V.V., Khitrina N.G., Korolenko L.I. Olfactometric odor emission studies at Russian enterprises. Biosfera. 2013; 3: 303-10. (in Russian)
Tsibul’skii V.V., Yatsenko-Khmelevskaya M.A., Khitrina N.G., Korolenko L.I. Study of the odourl of sewage treatment plants. Ekologiya proizvodstva. 2011; 4: 52-56. (in Russian)
Assessment of Community Response to Odorous Emissions. R&D Technical Report P4-095/TR. Environment Agency. 2005. Available at: https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/assessment-of-community-response-to-odorous-emissions
Blanes-Vidal V. Air pollution from biodegradable wastes and non-specific health symptoms among residents: direct or annoyance-mediated associations? Chemosphere. 2015; 120: 371-7. Doi: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2014.07.089.
Long Y., Zhang S., Fang Y., Du Y., Liu W., Fang C., Shen D. Dimethyl sulfide emission behavior from landfill site with air and water control. Biodegradation. 2017; 28 (5-6): 327-35. Doi: 10.1007/s10532-017-9799-4.
Hooiveld M., van Dijk C., van der Sman-de Beer F., Smit L.A., Vogelaar M., Wouters I.M., Heederik D.J., Yzermans C.J. Odour annoyance in the neighbourhood of livestock farming - perceived health and health care seeking behavior. Ann Agric Environ Med. 2015; 22 (1): 55-61. Doi: 10.5604/12321966.1141369.
Slautenko E.G., Petrosyan А.А. Hygienic substantiation of the size of sanitary protection zones for medium-capacity pig farms, taking into account the peculiarities of diffusion of odorigenic chemicals in the atmospheric air. Problemy zdorov’ya I ekologii. 2018; 1: 98-101. (in Russian)
Kenessary D., Kenessary A., Kenessariyev U.I., Juszkiewicz K., Amrin M.K., Erzhanova A.E. Human health cost of hydrogen sulfide air pollution from an oil and gas Field. Ann Agric Environ Med. 2017; 24 (2): 213-6. Doi: 10.26444/aaem/74562.
Atari D.O., Luginaah I.N., Gorey K., Xu X., Fung K. Associations between self-reported odour annoyance and volatile organic compounds in ‘Chemical Valley’, Sarnia, Ontario. Environ Monit Assess. 2013; 185 (6): 4537-49. Doi: 10.1007/s10661-012-2887-3.
Fomin M.B., Alikbaeva L.A., Lukovnikova L.V., Sidorin G.I., Petrova N.N. Hygienic substantiation of the safety of operation of enterprises for the production of polyvinyl chloride. Gigiena i sanitariya [Hygiene and Sanitation, Russian journal]. 2017; 4: 347 -51. (inRussian)
Oiamo T.H., Luginaah I.N., Baxter J. Cumulative effects of noise and odour annoyances on environmental and health related quality of life. Soc Sci Med. 2015; 146: 191-203. Doi: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2015.10.043.
Odour management in British Columbia: review and recommendations. Final report W05-1108. 2005. Available at: https://www.for.gov.bc.ca/hfd/library/documents/bib95377.pdf.
EN 13725:2003/AC. Air quality - Determination of odour concentration by dynamic olfactometry. European Committee for Standardization. Available at: https://infostore.saiglobal.com/preview/is/en/2003/i.s.en13725-2003%2Bac- 2006.pdf?sku=658463
VDI Standard: VDI 3940 Blatt. Determination of the hedonic odour tone. Polarity profiles. The Association of German Engineers (VDI). 2010; 44 p. Available at: https://standards.globalspec.com/std/1252925/vdi-3940-blatt-4
Pinigin М.А, Budarina О.V., Tepikina L.A., Sabirova Z.F., Fedotova L.A., Safiulin А.А.,. Shipulina Z.V, Antipova N.D., Baeva I.V. Organoleptic control of concentrations of odorigenic chemicals in the atmospheric air: guidelines. Мoscow: 2011. (in Russian)
Tsibul’skii V.V. Procedure manual for inventory, regulation and control of odour emissions. Yatsenko-Khmelevskaya M.A., Khitrina N.G., Korolenko L.I., under the general guidance of Nedre A.Yu. SPb: 2012. (in Russian)
Chepegin I.V., Andriyashina Т.V. Emissions of odorous substances into the atmosphere. Problems and Solutions. Vestnik Kazanskogo tekhnologicheskogo universiteta. 2013; 10: 80-3. (in Russian)
Budarina O.V. Current issues of odor control in atmospheric air ways for solving them in modern conditions. Mir nauki, kul’tury, obrazovaniya. 2013; 5 (42): 435-7. (in Russian)
State report “On the state and environmental protection of Russian Federation in 2016”. М.: Minprirody Rossii; NIA-Priroda; 2017. (in Russian)
Karelin А.О., Lomtev A.Yu., Gorbanev S.A., Eremin G.B., Novikova Yu.A. Application of geographic information systems (GIS) to improve sanitary and epidemiological surveillance and social-hygienic monitoring. Gigiena i sanitariya [Hygiene and Sanitation, Russian journal]. 2017; 7: 620-3. (in Russian)
World Health Organization (2003): Methods of assessing of human health vulnerability and public health adaptation to climate change. WHO. Health Canada. UNEF. Available at: http://www.euro.who.int/_data/assets/pdf_file/0009/91098/E81923.pdf?ua=1.
Lyapkalo А.А., Dement’eva А.А., Tsurgan А.М. Effect of wind speed and direction on the level of air pollution by combustion products. Fundamental’nye issledovaniya. 2013; 7 (1): 125-9. (in Russian)
Aikashev V.D. Impact of aeration regime on the level of urban air pollution. Arkhitektura, gradostroitel’stvo i dizain. 2018; 17: 7-11. (in Russian)
Avaliani S.L., Bushtueva К.А., Gil’denskiol’d R.S., Yanysheva N.Ya., Krotov Yu.A., Gofmekler V.A., Zhurkov V.S., Pechennikova E.V., Tepikina L.A., Fel’dman Yu.G. Temporary guidelines for substantiation of the maximum allowable concentrations (MAC) of pollutants in the atmospheric air of residential areas. Мoscow: B. i.; 1989. (in Russian)
Bronshtein A.I. Taste and Olfaction [Vkus i obonyanie]. М.: Izdatel’stvo Akademii Nauk. SSSR; 1950. (in Russian)
Karelin А. О. Using the principles of evidence-based medicine in current hygienic studies. Sbornik tezisov II ezhegodnoi konferentsii s mezhdunarodnym uchastiem, Posvyashchennoi pamyati I.V. Polyakova, «Health care reforms in the Russian Federation, current state, development prospects». SPb; 2015: 67-9. (in Russian)
Karelin А.О. Using environmental epidemiology methods to assess the relationship between risk factors and public health. Materialy XIII Evraziiskoi nauchnoi konferentsii “Donozologiya-2017”. SPb.; 2017: 47-50. (in Russian)
- Refbacks are not listed
Контент доступен под лицензией Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.